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PlantFiles: Texas Madrone
Arbutus xalapensis

Family: Ericaceae (er-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Arbutus (ar-BYOO-tus) (Info)
Species: xalapensis (ha-la-PEN-sis) (Info)

Synonym:Arbutus texana
Synonym:Arbutus xalapensis var. texana

6 members have or want this plant for trade.


20-30 ft. (6-9 m)
30-40 ft. (9-12 m)
over 40 ft. (12 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring


Other details:
Provides winter interest

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

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There are a total of 8 photos.
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1 positive
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral frostweed On Nov 28, 2006, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Texas Madrone Arbutus xalapensis is native to Texas and other States.

Positive Krispi On Mar 6, 2006, Krispi from Canyon Lake, TX (Zone 9b) wrote:

When we bought our property, the "Naked Indian", or Madrone, was growing on it. We found out that the tree must grow close to a cedar, which is a nursetree. It also does not need much water, is great for dry areas. It also does not like to be moved. The red bark is just beautiful, and stands out among the the green cedars.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Sedona, Arizona
Hillsboro, New Mexico
Austin, Texas
Canyon Lake, Texas
Kerrville, Texas
Pipe Creek, Texas
San Antonio, Texas (2 reports)

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