Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Assai Palm, Juçara Palm
Euterpe edulis

Family: Arecaceae (ar-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Euterpe (yoo-TER-pee) (Info)
Species: edulis (ED-yew-liss) (Info)

7 members have or want this plant for trade.


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)
15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)
20-30 ft. (6-9 m)
30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)
8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:
Unknown - Tell us


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; germinate in a damp paper towel
From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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There are a total of 13 photos.
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3 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Code3 On Oct 21, 2012, Code3 from Huntington Beach, CA wrote:

Euterpe Edulis is a winner for me in Southern California. Loves the part shade and sun combo with the soil moist. Looks like it is thriving and a fast grower. I am in 10a near the coastal influence.

Positive Kylecawaza On Aug 23, 2004, Kylecawaza from Corte Madera, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

This palm can grow well in San Francisco, and there are a few trunking trees around in private gardens, although there are no photos of elegant ones in CA< many do exist.

Neutral Monocromatico On Sep 12, 2003, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

The fruits of this palm are eaten locally, rarely produced in commercial scale. However, this palm is cultivated for its heart, the palmetto, which is edible and extremely apreciated (it´s delicious), which is promoting the extinction in natural habitats.

Euterpe edulis, and other tropical palms are being cultivated to try to save this species.

Positive palmbob On Sep 12, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Considered by many palm nuts a tough palm to grow here in Southern California, if you have the right microclimate, they do quite well. It is a bit frost tender, but it likes lots of sun and takes a good deal of wind. It is just really fussy sometimes. Called 'edulis' since the fruit is edible and commonly eaten in its native South American countries. It is a tall, skinny palm with a long, attractive light green to bronzey crownshaft. It is a single stemmed palm (most Euterpes are suckering). It is the only species in the genus that can survive in Southern California (the rest are too tropical).


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Huntington Beach, California
Oceanside, California
Poway, California
Reseda, California
Santa Barbara, California
Ventura, California
Omaha, Nebraska

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