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California Pipevine
Aristolochia californica

Family: Aristolochiaceae
Genus: Aristolochia (a-ris-toh-LOH-kee-uh) (Info)
Species: californica (kal-ih-FOR-nik-uh) (Info)



Vines and Climbers


15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


Unknown - Tell us


USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:

Light Shade

Partial to Full Shade

Full Shade


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:


Maroon (Purple-Brown)

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring




Other details:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Knights Landing, California

San Diego, California

San Francisco, California

San Leandro, California

Sebastopol, California

Tallahassee, Florida

Portland, Oregon

Corpus Christi, Texas

Dallas, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Sep 3, 2007, cynharrer from Sebastopol, CA wrote:

I've had my pipevine for at least 6 years. It is large, but not overly aggressive. It's teeming with big, fuzzy pipevine butterfly caterpillars every Spring. They deplete the leaves markedly, but the vine always recovers. I enjoy providing a home for the beautiful Pipevine Butterfly. I am in Western Sonoma County, not far from the Hallberg Butterfly Garden. In a hotter climate, like Santa Rosa, the vine might appreciate more shade. Mine is in sun half the day. It is easy-care: just occasional Summer water.


On Nov 15, 2004, csm73 from Santa Rosa, CA wrote:

I have very rocky, clay soil. plant barely survived 2 years. West of here, in Graton the vine thrives. Monsterous plants exist in Mrs. Hallberg's butterfly gardens. She has deep, rich soil, shade, reasonable water, and TIME.


On Feb 11, 2004, narcissimz from Charlotte, NC wrote:

good plant in open areas, i like the color it has in the fall and it is not hard to control, easy to maintain too


On Sep 17, 2003, eje from San Francisco, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

Perennial woody vine native to the west coast of North America. The Pipevine Swallowtail butterly lays its eggs exclusively on Aristolochia species. The larval stage use the plant for food. Like all Aristolochia, its flowers emit an odor which attracts insects. The insects are temporarily trapped in the pipe shaped flowers and serve to pollinate the plant. Note that the stems of this vine are fairly brittle, making it a bit challenging to train.