Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Tahitian Screwpine, Thatch Screw-pine, Textile screw-pine, Hala
Pandanus tectorius

Family: Pandanaceae
Genus: Pandanus (PAN-dan-us) (Info)
Species: tectorius

Synonym:Pandanus chamissonis
Synonym:Pandanus douglasii
Synonym:Pandanus menziesii
Synonym:Pandanus odoratissimus
Synonym:Pandanus veitchii

5 members have or want this plant for trade.

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

Unknown - Tell us

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction
Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring

Grown for foliage

Other details:
This plant is suitable for growing indoors
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
This plant is resistant to deer
Suitable for growing in containers

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From woody stem cuttings
By stooling or mound layering

Seed Collecting:
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

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There are a total of 15 photos.
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7 positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive galesd On Dec 2, 2010, galesd from San Diego, CA wrote:

I'd like to grow these from seed and have collected some of the dried keys which fell from the tree. Each key has 9 "segments" that are hard to remove from the key. Are the segments themselves what need to be planted, or the entire key?

Positive ninasydney On Oct 3, 2010, ninasydney from Brisbane
Australia wrote:

I have had a great success with growing the Pandanus in Brisbane Australia but these have all beenn from smaller plants ,Does any one have an idea how to grow these from seed

Positive Ginger_Lily_75 On May 14, 2009, Ginger_Lily_75 from Indialantic, FL wrote:

I had no idea this plant was related to the screw pine. I cut a runner from a huge stand of this while visiting a friend in Ft. Lauderdale last year. It is growing great here. Seems totally unfazed by the salty wind here as well as the extremely cold winter we just had.

Positive chanticleer On Apr 1, 2006, chanticleer from Toronto, ON (Zone 5b) wrote:

I originally acquired my Veitch's screw pine as a small, wilted heap after it had been discarded by a neighbour. I didn't know what it was at first, but a few well-watered weeks in regular potting soil and partial shade produced several new leaves. Two years later, it's four feet tall and nearly as wide, with several daughter plants filling out its 24" pot.

This particular Pandanus is like a jumbo spider plant on steroids. Its leaves broaden with age, and its variegation changes from pinstripes in youth to a watercolour-like gradation, the distal ends of the leaves turning a uniform, ivory white. It will never fruit (according to's profile) and should stay within 10' as a container plant.

P. veitchii makes an outstanding houseplant, as it tolerates dry air and infrequent watering. It should be summered outdoors, but doesn't seem to require much acclimation time when moved indoors. I have mine situated close to a large east window with no other source of light, and it has continued to grow slowly throughout the winter with no leaf drop. The only possible negative aspect to this plant is its sharply serrated leaves (both margins and underside of the midrib), which impart a short-lived but very itchy rash after even the slightest contact. Calcium oxalate crystals are probably to blame.

Positive NativePlantFan9 On Nov 16, 2004, NativePlantFan9 from Boca Raton, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

There are some huge specimens of this tree all over south and central Florida. Many people here from zones 9b southward who live along the water, such as rivers or canals, have huge specimens growing along the water with huge leaves hanging over the water and huge stilt roots. They make quite an effect that way and look very fascinating and tropical - they also make great foilage and privacy plants that way. Other people would probably be awed by looking at these plants.

Positive IslandJim On Jul 25, 2004, IslandJim from Keizer, OR (Zone 8b) wrote:

Most people who see this tree want one, including me. But they can get a bit large. We recently transplanted one from Boca Grande that is about 40 feet tall.

Neutral palmbob On Feb 5, 2004, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Common Pandan in tropical areas of the world and not one of the more attractive (if let grow wild)- becomes a thicket of leaves, stems and ariel roots. Also has very sharp spines along leaf edges that make it tough to prune this tree without gloves and long sleeves. Unlike the more common P utilis, this one has really long, drooping all-green leaves. Still somewhat ornamental, but not as so. Barely survives here in So Cal in zone 9b, but can in good microclimates. Likes it warmer and wetter, though. Survives on average water, but can grow in bogs. Fruits look a bit like pineapples and turn a nice red color when ripe.

Neutral insiter On Dec 7, 2003, insiter wrote:

I am not certain if my Pandanus is of the same varity, however it is about 20 years old, and has a height of about 20 feet. My biggest problem has been the fact it it is constantly shedding its leaves. On average It sheeds about 100 to 200 leaves each week. I live in south florida, and it is on a sprinkler system. Does anyone have any suggestions how to stop it from sheding so much.
PS: It does not produce a fruit so I believe it to be a male.

Positive palmbob On Sep 26, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

I will add a photo of a variegated Pandanus I saw in Hawaii and Thailand here... but really have no idea what species they are... maybe there is only one that is variegated?


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

San Marcos, California
Big Pine Key, Florida
Boca Raton, Florida
Indialantic, Florida
Islamorada, Florida
Naples, Florida
Parrish, Florida
Venice, Florida
Honolulu, Hawaii
Kurtistown, Hawaii

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