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PlantFiles: Monkey Grass
Liriope minor

Family: Ruscaceae
Genus: Liriope (lir-RYE-oh-pee) (Info)
Species: minor (MY-nor) (Info)

One vendor has this plant for sale.

14 members have or want this plant for trade.


under 6 in. (15 cm)

3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade
Partial to Full Shade


Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer

Grown for foliage

Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:
Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds
Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Click thumbnail
to view:

By Lophophora
Thumbnail #1 of Liriope minor by Lophophora


4 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive jlarnold1031 On Apr 25, 2008, jlarnold1031 from Saint Louis, MO wrote:

I love using monkey grass as a border for my beds. In St. Louis, Missouri, it faithfully returns every year and provides a full yet compact edging for my taller plants. It does try to spread into the beds, but is easily controlled.

Neutral pupilpropogtr On Jan 16, 2008, pupilpropogtr from Birmingham, AL (Zone 7b) wrote:

Works as a wonderful edging plant. I have it growing in both full sun and mostly shaded areas. It does well in both. I would caution to keep an eye on it. It has a tendency to spread, but babies are easy to pull up.

Positive SudieGoodman On Apr 27, 2006, SudieGoodman from Broaddus, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

Zone 8b Broaddus, TX southeast
I've had this plant in two big pots for about 8 yrs. Today, I will transplant it into good soil.
Lilriope minor will be a border in sun, part shade.

Positive MotherNature4 On Jul 14, 2004, MotherNature4 from Bartow, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

This is a wonderful little ground cover under our evergreen oaks where lawn grass won't grow because of the shade. It will spread, but only enough to fill in the spaces between plants. I've been growing it over 30 years and don't have to dig any up very often. I don't find it invasive, but always have some to give away.

Positive raven1 On Jul 2, 2004, raven1 from Tampa, FL wrote:

Liriope or Monkey Grass also grows in Florida in fact it does extremely well here it is used to border flower beds and if you are planning a xeroscape it will also make a great ground cover.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Birmingham, Alabama
Wedowee, Alabama
Little Rock, Arkansas
Clovis, California
Bartow, Florida
Pensacola, Florida
Albany, Georgia
Lawrenceville, Georgia
Savannah, Georgia
Smyrna, Georgia
Benton, Kentucky
Logansport, Louisiana
Dexter, Missouri
Kansas City, Missouri
Saint Louis, Missouri
Coats, North Carolina
Landis, North Carolina
Oak Ridge, North Carolina
Hulbert, Oklahoma
Newalla, Oklahoma
Campobello, South Carolina
Summerville, South Carolina
Knoxville, Tennessee
Abilene, Texas
Baytown, Texas
Broaddus, Texas
Grapevine, Texas
Houston, Texas
San Antonio, Texas (2 reports)
San Augustine, Texas
Spring Branch, Texas

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