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PlantFiles: Pigeon Plum
Coccoloba diversifolia

Family: Polygonaceae
Genus: Coccoloba (koh-koh-LOW-buh) (Info)
Species: diversifolia (dy-ver-sih-FOH-lee-uh) (Info)

Synonym:Coccoloba floridana
Synonym:Coccoloba laurifolia

4 members have or want this plant for trade.

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

Unknown - Tell us

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Pale Green
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

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By RickinFL
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Thumbnail #3 of Coccoloba diversifolia by olddude


1 positive
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive NativePlantFan9 On Jan 23, 2005, NativePlantFan9 from Boca Raton, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

Pigeon Plum or Tietongue (Coccoloba diversifolia) is a superb shrub or tree that is a member of the Buckwheat family (Polygonaceae, genus Coccoloba). It is native to the tropical hardwood hammocks and coastal habitats in sun or partial to light shade in coastal central and southern Florida, south through the Keys into the Caribbean. It is a superb small to medium tree for wildlife that benefits wildlife by providing food and shelter. The berries, which are green when not ripe and blackish-purplish or purplish when ripe, are loved by birds and other wildlife. The bark often has many scratches on it from animals, which sharpen their claws or teeth by scratching them against the bark of the Pigeon Plum, which benefits them by helping them remain healthy. In Florida, it is found in coastal central and southern Florida (zones 9a through 11) from Brevard County south through the Keys and into Indian River, St. Lucie, Martin, Palm Beach, Broward, Miami-Dade, Monroe (both mainland Monroe and in the Keys), Collier, and Lee counties. This small to medium tree or shrub also grows in the Bahamas, Caribbean, and Puerto Rico. This tree is in the same genus as the Sea Grape (Coccoloba uvifera), which is also found in and native to coastal central and southern Florida, the Bahamas and Caribbean. However, the leaves of this species are the distinguishing feature of the Pigeon Plum, as the leaves of this species are quite different from the large, oval, veined leaves of the Sea Grape. The leaves of this species are much, much smaller than those of the Sea Grape. The leaves of this species, unlike the Sea Grape, are small and elliptic to ovalish, and are nowhere near as round as those of the Sea Grape. Also, the berries of this species are usually slightly smaller than those of the Sea Grape. However, like the Sea Grape, both species are found in coastal areas, the Pigeon Plum occuring slightly farther inland than the Sea Grape. Also, both species are native to central and southern Florida, the Bahamas, and Caribbean, both in zones 9a through 11. Finally, both species are superb native species for wildlife, and both provide superb and excellent shelter and food sources for wildlife. Both are widely used in the central and southern Florida landscape, and their use should be highly, highly encouraged as landscape plants or trees that are native and highly useful for wildlife. The Pigeon Plum should be highly recommended for full sun to partial shade or light shade conditions all over central and southern Florida as an alternative to exotics, especially in areas with salt such as coastal situations or waterfronts. It grows well in zones 9a through 11. It is superb for people as an attractive tree, is native to central and southern Florida and the Caribbean, and is highly useful for wildlife. Great for a native plant or wildlife garden as well as for nearly any home... even for businesses, car dealerships and front offices and building/housing projects and developments! Many such places all over central and southern Florida are increasingly using the valuable, salt-tolerant, native Pigeon Plum for landscaping. It's use, like the Sea Grape's, should be highly encouraged in the central and southern Florida landscape!

MORE FACTS - Grows well in zones 9a through 11. Loves full sun or partial to light shade. Great for coastal situations, as it is salt-tolerant. However, it can not grow in areas entirely exposed to the sea and salt, such as directly on Atlantic coastal dunes. However, great just inland of the dunes and along the Intracoastal Waterway, continuing inland as well. Provides food and shelter for wildlife. Synonyms are Coccoloba floridana Meisn. and Coccoloba laurifolia auct. non Jacq. Besides growing in central and southern Florida, the Bahamas, Caribbean and Puerto Rico, this species also grows in the U.S. Virgin Islands.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Big Pine Key, Florida
Boca Raton, Florida
Jupiter, Florida
Kissimmee, Florida
Lake Worth, Florida
Miami, Florida
North Palm Beach, Florida
Oldsmar, Florida
Sarasota, Florida

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