Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Australian Cabbage Palm
Livistona australis

Family: Arecaceae (ar-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Livistona (liv-iss-TOH-nuh) (Info)
Species: australis (aw-STRAL-iss) (Info)


over 40 ft. (12 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Unknown - Tell us

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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By palmbob
Thumbnail #1 of Livistona australis by palmbob

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By kennedyh
Thumbnail #4 of Livistona australis by kennedyh

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Thumbnail #6 of Livistona australis by kennedyh

By palmbob
Thumbnail #7 of Livistona australis by palmbob

There are a total of 31 photos.
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3 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive HK22 On Mar 10, 2010, HK22 from Sydney
Australia wrote:

Tall, rather slender, very slow growing palm native to Australia.
For whatever reason, it is sometimes confused with Washingtonia robusta.

Positive kennedyh On Oct 7, 2003, kennedyh from Churchill, Victoria
Australia (Zone 10a) wrote:

This is an interesting palm tree, as being the most southerly species in Australia, extending down into Victoria as a single small stand at Cabbage-tree Creek.
The day I photographed this species, I collected a seedling (with a single blade-like leaf) and I planted it in my garden. It has done well, but has grown very slowly, gradually expanding the size of the crown of the tree. After 15 years it is perhaps beginning to develop a trunk, which is no more than 30 cms so far, but it has a great head of fan-like leaves with very spiny stems.

Positive palmbob On Oct 7, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Relatively common landscape plant in Southern California, at least among palm growers. Not that common in general nurseries. Australian native with classic droopy fan leaves- fairly fast grower... only a few species of Livistona that are faster (decipiens and nitida). Very sharp teeth along petioles. It is one of the easiest palms to grow in zones 9b on up. As an adult, it can be hard to tell apart from many of the other Livistonas- decipiens (now call decorum), nitida, mariae/rigida/occidentalis... all have large palmate, to somewhat costapalmate leaves with drooping leaflet tips. But this one has one of the more finely split leaflets, with on L decipiens maybe being more finely split. As a seedling, this species has more palmate leaves with only a bit of droop, compared to the much finer split L decipeins and the much less droopy L nitida (later has leaves that look like a Washingtonia as a seedling).


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Brentwood, California
Garden Grove, California
Los Angeles, California
Rancho Cucamonga, California
San Diego, California
Thousand Oaks, California
Grant, Florida
Sarasota, Florida

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