Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Dragonfruit, Dragon Fruit, Pitajaya
Hylocereus polyrhizus

Family: Cactaceae (kak-TAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Hylocereus (hy-loh-KER-ee-us) (Info)
Species: polyrhizus (pol-ee-RY-zus) (Info)

Synonym:Cereus polyrhizus

» View all varieties of Orchid Cactus

56 members have or want this plant for trade.

Vines and Climbers
Cactus and Succulents

Unknown - Tell us

12-15 in. (30-38 cm)
15-18 in. (38-45 cm)
18-24 in. (45-60 cm)
24-36 in. (60-90 cm)
36-48 in. (90-120 cm)
4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)
6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)
8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)
15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)
20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Summer/Early Fall


Other details:
Flowers are fragrant
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Suitable for growing in containers

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From woody stem cuttings
Allow cut surface to callous over before planting

Seed Collecting:
Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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There are a total of 11 photos.
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4 positives
3 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive crawferg On Jul 16, 2012, crawferg from Briny Breezes, FL wrote:

Bought our dragonfruit about a year ago. It's the Purple Haze variety. Made a trellis for it. It initially grew like crazy. It will continue to grow the more trellis space is provided. Tied it to trellis with panty hose. It just got its first flower. Looking forward to the fruit. Grows great in South Florida.

Neutral ricshaw On Apr 4, 2011, ricshaw from Ventura, CA wrote:

Southern California Lowe's is selling Hylocereus polyrhizus.
The potted plants are about 20" - 30" tall and are in 3 gallon pots.
What was surprising to me is the plants had a fancy colored printed pot sleeve with additional information on the inside.
I will post some pictures of the plant I bought and the labeling.
Southern California

Neutral terrora On Apr 19, 2010, terrora wrote:

Have had this plant for over 10 years and gotten many starts off it, but none have ever bloomed!!! I've tried everything..any suggestions? I'm in zone 9b. I have similar plants that have bloomed nicely and regularly. This one is a puzzelment to me. Not giving is a heirloom plant.

Any advice would be appreciated.
(^_~) playin' in the dirt, Terrora

Positive tmccullo On Aug 14, 2006, tmccullo from Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

we bought one in South Florida on a vacation and brought it back to Houston this summer. Since May, it has already grown over a two feet. We have it climbing on a trellis and planted in our cactus garden. It is on the East side of the house and gets good morning sun until about 1:20pm. Can't wait to get fruit from it.

Neutral Xenomorf On Jun 8, 2006, Xenomorf from Valley of the Sun, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

The Hylocereus genus has No leaves or Foliage, therefore propagation is from stem cuttings and seeds.

Positive Quyen On Sep 2, 2005, Quyen from Orange, CA (Zone 10b) wrote:

Fast grower. Buds begin to open mid-day. Blooms last for about 24 hours. Flowers are large (6 in. diameter x 10 in. height) with insignificant fragrance.

Positive StarGazey26 On Jul 24, 2005, StarGazey26 from (Zone 10a) wrote:

This plant is great.. I planted him about 1 month ago, on a south facing wall, with a little Dr. Earth in the soil.. He has 3 new shoots growing, i hope i get some fruit this year. Snails are a problem so be sure to put out snail bait if u want a nice looking plant. Dont over water, but fertalize with a high middle number, once a month, 10-60-10 is good.. No pest's noted..


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Montgomery, Alabama
Chandler Heights, Arizona
Gilbert, Arizona
Peoria, Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona
Camarillo, California
Hayward, California
Laguna Niguel, California
Orange, California
San Jose, California
Temecula, California
Vacaville, California
Ventura, California
Woodcrest, California
Boynton Beach, Florida
Brandon, Florida
Brooksville, Florida
Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Mulberry, Florida (2 reports)
Naples, Florida
Ocala, Florida
Orlando, Florida
Rockledge, Florida
Seffner, Florida
Laie, Hawaii
Madison, North Carolina
Desoto, Texas
Houston, Texas

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