Dragonfruit, Dragon Fruit, Pitajaya
Hylocereus polyrhizus

Family: Cactaceae (kak-TAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Hylocereus (hy-loh-KER-ee-us) (Info)
Species: polyrhizus (pol-ee-RY-zus) (Info)
Synonym:Cereus polyrhizus
» View all varieties of Orchid Cactus

Category:

Vines and Climbers

Cactus and Succulents

Epiphytes

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Suitable for growing in containers

Height:

6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

Spacing:

12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade

Danger:

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Late Summer/Early Fall

Foliage:

Succulent

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

Allow cut surface to callous over before planting

Seed Collecting:

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Montgomery, Alabama

Chandler Heights, Arizona

Gilbert, Arizona

Peoria, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona

Camarillo, California

Hayward, California

Laguna Niguel, California

Orange, California

San Jose, California

Temecula, California

Vacaville, California

Valley Center, California

Ventura, California

Woodcrest, California

Boynton Beach, Florida

Brandon, Florida

Brooksville, Florida

Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Mulberry, Florida (2 reports)

Naples, Florida

Ocala, Florida

Orlando, Florida

Rockledge, Florida

Seffner, Florida

Laie, Hawaii

Madison, North Carolina

Desoto, Texas

Houston, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

4
positives
3
neutrals
0
negatives
RatingContent
Positive

On Jul 16, 2012, crawferg from Briny Breezes, FL wrote:

Bought our dragonfruit about a year ago. It's the Purple Haze variety. Made a trellis for it. It initially grew like crazy. It will continue to grow the more trellis space is provided. Tied it to trellis with panty hose. It just got its first flower. Looking forward to the fruit. Grows great in South Florida.

Neutral

On Apr 4, 2011, ricshaw from Ventura, CA wrote:

Southern California Lowe's is selling Hylocereus polyrhizus.
The potted plants are about 20" - 30" tall and are in 3 gallon pots.
What was surprising to me is the plants had a fancy colored printed pot sleeve with additional information on the inside.
I will post some pictures of the plant I bought and the labeling.
-Richard
Southern California

Neutral

On Apr 19, 2010, terrora wrote:

Have had this plant for over 10 years and gotten many starts off it, but none have ever bloomed!!! I've tried everything..any suggestions? I'm in zone 9b. I have similar plants that have bloomed nicely and regularly. This one is a puzzelment to me. Not giving up...it is a heirloom plant.

Any advice would be appreciated.
(^_~) playin' in the dirt, Terrora

Positive

On Aug 14, 2006, tmccullo from Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

we bought one in South Florida on a vacation and brought it back to Houston this summer. Since May, it has already grown over a two feet. We have it climbing on a trellis and planted in our cactus garden. It is on the East side of the house and gets good morning sun until about 1:20pm. Can't wait to get fruit from it.

Neutral

On Jun 8, 2006, Xenomorf from Valley of the Sun, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

The Hylocereus genus has No leaves or Foliage, therefore propagation is from stem cuttings and seeds.

Positive

On Sep 2, 2005, Quyen from Orange, CA (Zone 10b) wrote:

Fast grower. Buds begin to open mid-day. Blooms last for about 24 hours. Flowers are large (6 in. diameter x 10 in. height) with insignificant fragrance.

Positive

On Jul 24, 2005, StarGazey26 from (Zone 10a) wrote:

This plant is great.. I planted him about 1 month ago, on a south facing wall, with a little Dr. Earth in the soil.. He has 3 new shoots growing, i hope i get some fruit this year. Snails are a problem so be sure to put out snail bait if u want a nice looking plant. Dont over water, but fertalize with a high middle number, once a month, 10-60-10 is good.. No pest's noted..