Stangeria eriopus

Family: Stangeriaceae
Genus: Stangeria (stan-GER-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: eriopus (er-ee-OH-pus) (Info)
Synonym:Lomaria eriopus
Synonym:Lomaria coriacea
Synonym:Stangeria paradoxa
Synonym:Stangeria schizodon
Synonym:Stangeria paradoxa var. schizodon



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Partial to Full Shade


Seed is poisonous if ingested

All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:


Bloom Time:



Grown for foliage


This plant is resistant to deer

Other details:

This plant may be considered a protected species; check before digging or gathering seeds

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Hayward, California

Mission Viejo, California

Thousand Oaks, California

Jacksonville, Florida

Gardeners' Notes:


On Sep 6, 2014, southeastgarden from Jacksonville, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

I have grown this plant for nine years in upper zone 9a. It is evergreen when winter temperatures dip into the low 20's F but leaves are damaged or killed back when temperatures drop briefly into the upper teens. It is rare that my plant has more than five or six leaves but it has produced cones on a few occasions.


On Jun 22, 2007, Cretaceous from El Sobrante, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

Native to Mozambique and Cape Province, South Africa.

Stangeria eriopus grows in slightly acidic soils, which are usually sandy, but sometimes also in heavy clay soils. There are two distinct forms of this species: One grows in dry, open grassland habitat, the other in damp, dense forest. Average annual rainfall 30-39 inches.

It is listed on CITES Appendix I.


On Oct 19, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This cycad is native to eastern South Africa. It looks unlike any other cycad, looking more like a common plant with large, rounded, slightly soft leaves and no spines. It is the only plant in the genus. But it does reproduce by coning and has a caudex like other cycads (mostly underground, though). There are two forms- the open plains form (aka 'grassveldt form') with much stiffer, smaller leaves, and the forest form with large, long floppeier leaves.