Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Red-margined Dracaena, Dragon Tree
Dracaena marginata 'Tricolor'

Family: Asparagaceae
Genus: Dracaena (dra-SEE-nah) (Info)
Species: marginata (mar-jen-AY-tuh) (Info)
Cultivar: Tricolor

15 members have or want this plant for trade.

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)
36-48 in. (90-120 cm)
4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)
6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)
8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:
Pale Green
White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Grown for foliage

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
This plant is suitable for growing indoors
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From herbaceous stem cuttings
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
By air layering

Seed Collecting:
Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Click thumbnail
to view:

By sweezel
Thumbnail #1 of Dracaena marginata by sweezel

By NativePlantFan9
Thumbnail #2 of Dracaena marginata by NativePlantFan9

By palmbob
Thumbnail #3 of Dracaena marginata by palmbob

By sp525f
Thumbnail #4 of Dracaena marginata by sp525f

By millerat
Thumbnail #5 of Dracaena marginata by millerat

By palmbob
Thumbnail #6 of Dracaena marginata by palmbob

By plantladylin
Thumbnail #7 of Dracaena marginata by plantladylin

There are a total of 14 photos.
Click here to view them all!


6 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive BayAreaTropics On Sep 21, 2014, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

Tricolor is quite a bit more tender then the plain green D.marginata. I have had mixed results overwintering my plant outdoors twice now..the first time cold weather killed the tallest stem. Last winter it squeaked by with no damage...but stressed with droopy leaves. It also appreciates being put into summer sunlight. Grows fastest with sun,pokes along in the shade..and looks weak.
As anybody can see,its flashy colors always scream tropical. A nice image in winter!

Positive Alexwtf_93 On Dec 6, 2010, Alexwtf_93 from Susanville, CA wrote:

good house plant, it grows rather quickly in bright light, and does well outdoors in warm weather

Positive plantladylin On Sep 18, 2009, plantladylin from South Daytona, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

The D. marginata makes a wonderful houseplant and when it gets long and leggy you can keep cutting it back and root the cuttings for additional plants. I started this one from a little cutting and had it in a container for years. It got neglected and the pot got stuck out behind the shed where it remained for quite awhile in deep shade in line of the irrigation system.

In front of one of our local Post Office buildings there is a D. marginata 'Tricolor' that has been in the ground for quite a few years so I finally decided I would put mine in the ground. Here in zone 9a Central Florida, they will survive if protected from frost but if we ever have a hard freeze that lasts more than a few days I'm afraid this baby will be a goner!

Positive Malus2006 On Feb 23, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

A commonly grown indoor plant - I have one but it died due to an unexpected early fall frost when I had it outside - grows a bit slower than the species but not much slower. If it grows too tall, then cut halfway through and keep it in good light - it should grows back from dormant buds. The cut stalks can be tried in water but roots poorly so pot up when leaves look good.

Positive kznchik On Sep 3, 2006, kznchik from Bellflower, CA wrote:

This is a beautiful and hardy plant that thrives under minimal care. I am currently growing three outdoors and I have discovered, much to my delight, that all three do equally well in any light exposure from full shade to full sun.

To avoid flouride induced leaf spotting, I try to maintain the soil pH at a slightly acidic level. Roots of this plant grow particularly deep, so I make a point of selecting a tall but relatively narrow pot (think tomato pot) for healthy vertical root growth. Repotting is rarely a need for concern; the plant responds quite well and graciously by quickly sending up new growth for its caretaker to enjoy!

Positive madi_rae On Oct 3, 2004, madi_rae from Cumming, GA wrote:

Excellent plant, very hardy. Easy to care for and still look good at the same time. Leaves die at the bottom as the plant grows, simply pull them away. :) !!!


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Birmingham, Alabama
Scottsdale, Arizona
Bellflower, California
Brentwood, California
Hayward, California
Susanville, California
Bartow, Florida
Boca Raton, Florida
Daytona Beach, Florida
Hollywood, Florida
Jacksonville, Florida
Lutz, Florida
Pensacola, Florida
Pompano Beach, Florida
West Palm Beach, Florida
Ahuimanu, Hawaii
Mount Prospect, Illinois
Baker, Louisiana
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Edgewood, New Mexico
Caguas, Puerto Rico
Vieques, Puerto Rico
Broaddus, Texas
Fredericksburg, Texas

We recommend Firefox
Overwhelmed? There's a lot to see here. Try starting at our homepage.

[ Home | About | Advertise | Media Kit | Mission | Featured Companies | Submit an Article | Terms of Use | Tour | Rules | Privacy Policy | Contact Us ]

Back to the top

Copyright © 2000-2015 Dave's Garden, an Internet Brands company. All Rights Reserved.

Hope for America