Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Alexandrian Laurel, Kamani, Beauty Leaf
Calophyllum inophyllum

Family: Calophyllaceae
Genus: Calophyllum (kal-oh-FIL-lum) (Info)
Species: inophyllum (in-oh-FILL-um) (Info)

3 members have or want this plant for trade.


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)
15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)
20-30 ft. (6-9 m)
30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

Unknown - Tell us

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Seed is poisonous if ingested
Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Flowers are fragrant
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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to view:

By Monocromatico
Thumbnail #1 of Calophyllum inophyllum by Monocromatico

By Monocromatico
Thumbnail #2 of Calophyllum inophyllum by Monocromatico

By kennedyh
Thumbnail #3 of Calophyllum inophyllum by kennedyh

By kennedyh
Thumbnail #4 of Calophyllum inophyllum by kennedyh

By mirafzalkhan
Thumbnail #5 of Calophyllum inophyllum by mirafzalkhan

By mirafzalkhan
Thumbnail #6 of Calophyllum inophyllum by mirafzalkhan


2 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive kungfoochimp On Aug 9, 2011, kungfoochimp from Wailuku, HI (Zone 12a) wrote:

This tree is common throughout the Pacific where the lovely red wood from mature specimens is used for carvings and tableware. It superficially resembles a rubber tree while young. But takes on a more sprawling form when mature (up to 60'). Highly resistant to salt, it can provide needed shade near the shore. Elevitch warns against planting too close to structures due to the spreading shallow roots which can damage slab foundations, as well as damage sidewalks/roads. Growth is rapid during early years. Mine has grown 2-3'/year. Water needs are moderate to high. Prefers a well drained soil, with sand being preferred. I'm not sure what it's tolerance to cold is, but I would suspect it does not take freezes, given it's low elevation/tropical profile. See "Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands" for more info.

Positive Monocromatico On Nov 24, 2003, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

As I understand (I may be mistaken, just got this information extra-officially), this plant is a hawaiian native that got very well adapted to the brazilian climate, specially in coastal areas. Here in Rio de Janeiro there are a lot of these planted near the beaches, getting the salty mist from the sea directly.

This is a not fast growing tree, reaching up to 10m tall, but usually staying around 5. The leaves are shiny, kinda leathery, oposite, and has a white to cream colored sap. The inflorescence is a white stemmed panicle, bearing 5 to many more white flowers. There are 1in wide, white, with many yellow stamens and a very good scent (kinda reminds me of the smell of Bonnetias. The ovarium (hidden in the middle of the stamens) is red. These flowers come out in late spring and goes on through summer. The fruits are round, starting light green, becoming tan or yellow when ripe. They are said to be edible, but since the white sap of this plant can be poisonous - just like the seeds - I never tried them myself.

It goes well under full sun, high temperatures, regular watering and well drained fertile soils - even though itīs planted near the see, I donīt see it surviving on beach sand. It doesnīt mind wind, and I guess it needs some sea mist.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Boca Raton, Florida
Honolulu, Hawaii
Kealakekua, Hawaii
Wailuku, Hawaii

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