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PlantFiles: Sisal
Agave sisalana

Family: Agavaceae (ah-gav-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Agave (a-GAH-vee) (Info)
Species: sisalana (sis-al-AY-nuh) (Info)

3 members have or want this plant for trade.

Cactus and Succulents

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)
6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Light Shade

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:
Chartreuse (Yellow-Green)

Bloom Time:
Unknown - Tell us

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
This plant is monocarpic

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From bulbils

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

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By Monocromatico
Thumbnail #1 of Agave sisalana by Monocromatico

By palmbob
Thumbnail #2 of Agave sisalana by palmbob

By albleroy
Thumbnail #3 of Agave sisalana by albleroy

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Thumbnail #6 of Agave sisalana by palmbob

By palmbob
Thumbnail #7 of Agave sisalana by palmbob

There are a total of 20 photos.
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1 positive
No neutrals
1 negative

Gardeners' Notes:

Negative Zaragoza On Nov 11, 2009, Zaragoza from Zaragoza
Spain (Zone 8b) wrote:

This plant is extremely invasive. Be careful when plant it. This plant is naturalized in almost all warm areas of the world, it's very common in the mediterranean coast where I live and it destroyed Madagascar with more invasive succulents such as prickly pears and cereus.

Positive palmbob On Feb 13, 2004, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

THis large species of AGave is actually some creation of man and has no country of origin. It's a sterile hybrid and flowers produce no seeds (but do produce bulbils which can be grown into adult plants). THis is one of the few agaves that develop a trunk, up to 3'. THe more common form is the variegated form (described elsewhere) but the non-variegated are still impressive: huge, sword-like leaves usually without toothed margins, and long, brown and sharp terminal spine. Often confused with Furcraeas. This species has become economically important in both Africa and Mexico as a source of Sisal, or fine Agave fibre. Leaves are sort of rubbery, also making it seem a bit less like an Agave than a Yucca. Does sucker, up to 10 from the plant, so can be a garden weed. And it is not too cold hardy, having moderate leaf damage at 25F


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Chandler Heights, Arizona
Fountain Hills, Arizona
Norwalk, California
Reseda, California
Dallas, Texas

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