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PlantFiles: Century Plant, Maguey diente de tiburón
Agave xylonacantha

Family: Agavaceae (ah-gav-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Agave (a-GAH-vee) (Info)
Species: xylonacantha (zy-low-nuh-KAN-thu) (Info)

Synonym:Agave amurensis
Synonym:Agave carchariodonta
Synonym:Agave maximiliana
Synonym:Agave perbella
Synonym:Agave vanderdonckii

5 members have or want this plant for trade.

Cactus and Succulents

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)
24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:
Chartreuse (Yellow-Green)

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
This plant is monocarpic

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

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By palmbob
Thumbnail #1 of Agave xylonacantha by palmbob

By palmbob
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By thistlesifter
Thumbnail #3 of Agave xylonacantha by thistlesifter

By Xenomorf
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Thumbnail #5 of Agave xylonacantha by Xenomorf

By Calif_Sue
Thumbnail #6 of Agave xylonacantha by Calif_Sue

By Calif_Sue
Thumbnail #7 of Agave xylonacantha by Calif_Sue

There are a total of 24 photos.
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No positives
1 neutral
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Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral palmbob On Feb 16, 2004, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Viscious agave with huge woody curved teeth along the flat leaf margins. Pale green-yellow leaves ending in a sharp, stiff spine. Aggressive grower and suckers heavily sometimes. Similar to smaller, greener and more profuse suckerer, still, Agave lophantha.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Chandler Heights, Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona
Tucson, Arizona
Corona, California
Mission Viejo, California
San Leandro, California
Thousand Oaks, California
Vista, California

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