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PlantFiles: Texas Ebony
Pithecellobium flexicaule

Family: Mimosaceae
Genus: Pithecellobium (pith-eh-sell-LOH-bee-um) (Info)
Species: flexicaule (fleks-ih-KAW-lee) (Info)

2 vendors have this plant for sale.

9 members have or want this plant for trade.


20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:
Pale Yellow

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring
Mid Spring


Other details:
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Soil pH requirements:
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
Scarify seed before sowing

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Click thumbnail
to view:

By BROforest
Thumbnail #1 of Pithecellobium flexicaule by BROforest

By Gustichock
Thumbnail #2 of Pithecellobium flexicaule by Gustichock

By irmaly
Thumbnail #3 of Pithecellobium flexicaule by irmaly

By Gustichock
Thumbnail #4 of Pithecellobium flexicaule by Gustichock

By Gustichock
Thumbnail #5 of Pithecellobium flexicaule by Gustichock

By BROforest
Thumbnail #6 of Pithecellobium flexicaule by BROforest

By BROforest
Thumbnail #7 of Pithecellobium flexicaule by BROforest

There are a total of 31 photos.
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4 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive rosemarysims On Jun 10, 2014, rosemarysims from Mermentau, LA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This beautiful, fragrant woody can be trained and trimmed as a stunning, thorny hedge. There is one planted in the 80's I believe living a happy life on the Lake side of Bourbon Street in the French Quarter of New Orleans. As I recall, the owner had planted it to stop drunks from trying to jump his fence. In the many years that I knew it, the size remained about 10 ft tall and about 2 ft thick and the bottom of the hedge was at ground level.

Positive Gustichock On Feb 27, 2006, Gustichock from Tandil
Argentina (Zone 10b) wrote:

VERY SLOW growing tree!! Oh my Gosh! I've brought some seeds from Arizona and planted them right away! They've germinated soon after but since then (almost 4 years) the little trees are only one feet tall!
Anyway! Beside this, I love these trees! Their flowers are delicately scented and when these trees bloom, they get their canopy all covered by them.

Positive BROforest On Feb 28, 2005, BROforest from Brownsville, TX (Zone 9b) wrote:

The Texas Ebony is an important native to the Rio Grande Valley of Texas. Valuable for cover and food for wildlife including deer, javalinas,various birds, bees on flowers, etc. The wood is extremely hard and a deep rich brown. These trees along with Anacua, Honey Mesquite, Brasil, Hackberry and Ash can be found in some combination on any open lot in and around Brownsville. The mulch generated by the litter from these trees is collected and sold for good prices and I collect it to use for my garden. Lots with mostly Texas Ebonys will be home to many birds and rodents and will have an almost impenetrable dense crown canopy.

Neutral Bairie On Jan 4, 2004, Bairie from Corpus Christi, TX (Zone 10a) wrote:

Have known this tree all my life in south TX; have never known anyone to plant or start one, as they are native. They make a mess when dropping their tiny leaves. The flowers are pale yellow/cream catkins, and they can make a mess, too. The tree is somewhat thorny, and barefoot kids in my generation didn't like them too much! The tree is very pretty with its nice shape and very dark color, and in spring when the bloom is heavy.

Positive medicineman On Jan 3, 2004, medicineman from depoe bay, OR (Zone 8b) wrote:

This thing is slow growing,

Seeds should be filed or notched then soaked for a week.
Kept moist till germinated.

This is a desert tree, water deeply every other week.
It is evergreen in the desert but will lose foliage in colder areas.

Will tolerate light frost.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Apache Junction, Arizona
El Mirage, Arizona
Goodyear, Arizona
Green Valley, Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona
Queen Creek, Arizona (2 reports)
Scottsdale, Arizona
Tempe, Arizona
Canoga Park, California
Groveland, Florida
New Orleans, Louisiana
Henderson, Nevada
Las Vegas, Nevada
Alice, Texas
Austin, Texas (2 reports)
Brownsville, Texas
Corpus Christi, Texas
Dallas, Texas
Harlingen, Texas
La Porte, Texas
Mission, Texas
San Isidro, Texas
Seadrift, Texas

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