Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Conophytum
Conophytum gratum

Family: Aizoaceae (ay-zoh-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Conophytum (koh-no-FY-tum) (Info)
Species: gratum (GRAH-tum) (Info)

Synonym:Conophytum maximum
Synonym:Conophytum robustum
Synonym:Conophytum rarum
Synonym:Conophytum praegratum
Synonym:Conophytum orbicum

Cactus and Succulents

under 6 in. (15 cm)

3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade


Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Mid Fall
Late Fall/Early Winter

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Suitable for growing in containers

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; germinate in a damp paper towel

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Click thumbnail
to view:

By Xenomorf
Thumbnail #1 of Conophytum gratum by Xenomorf

By Xenomorf
Thumbnail #2 of Conophytum gratum by Xenomorf

By Xenomorf
Thumbnail #3 of Conophytum gratum by Xenomorf


No positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral Xenomorf On Sep 19, 2007, Xenomorf from Valley of the Sun, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

Conophytum gratum is now known as Conophytum jucundum, as of 2002 per Steven Hammers book on Conophytums & The African Plants Database. Here is the up-to-date synonyms list: Conophytum admiraalii, Conophytum geyeri, Conophytum gratum, Mesembryanthemum gratum, Conophytum indutum, Conophytum jacobsenianum, Mesembryanthemum jucundum, Conophytum longistylum, Conophytum maximum, Conophytum orbicum, Conophytum praegratum, Conophytum rarum, Conophytum robustum

Four synonyms of this type species have become cultivars which may be available at
They are:
Conophytum jucundum 'indutum' (synonym: C. indutum)
Conophytum jucundum 'jacobsenianum' (synonym: C. jacobsenianum)
Conophytum jucundum 'maximum' (synonym: C. maximum)
Conophytum jucundum 'orbicum' (synonym: C. orbicum)


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Phoenix, Arizona

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