Hardiness: USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F) USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F) USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F) USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F) USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F) USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F) USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F) USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F) USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F) USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)
Sun Exposure: Full Sun Sun to Partial Shade
Danger: Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Bloom Color: White/Near White
Bloom Time: Mid Summer
Other details: Flowers are fragrant Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings
Soil pH requirements: 5.6 to 6.0 (acidic) 6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
Patent Information: Non-patented
Propagation Methods: By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
Seed Collecting: Collect seedhead/pod when flowers fade; allow to dry
On Mar 26, 2011, forgottenfl from Crawfordville, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:
I purchased this plant about 10 yrs ago at a local nursery and planted it in a shaded woodland garden in our hardwood hammock. The plant has done well and the soil is typically dry. The bloom period is short, but well worth the enjoyment each summer.
I've experienced spreading of the plant which I believe to be a combination of the plant multiplying and also seeding (since some of the new plants are around 3-4 ft away. The original plant seems clumped and may be getting crowded. I wanted to know if anyone has had to separate the plant to thin it and if they had success doing so?
On May 6, 2005, nick89 from Tallahassee, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:
This spider lily is native to north Alabama where it is mainly found along stream banks. It can be locally common in suitable habitats. In dry summers the leaves wither up and die, the flowers appearing without the leaves (kind of like a magic lily) when the rain returns. Very easy to cultivate but it will only retain the leaves in the summer if well watered.
On May 19, 2004, Dan_Brown from Elm Grove, LA wrote:
Although this lovely plant grows native around NW Louisiana where I live, mostly submerged in water, I have 2 patches from bulbs that I have dug up from the wild planted in my yard. One patch is under the run off of the roof of my mobile home and the other in in a flowerbed where it gets no excessive amount of water. I thinks the bulbs have divided in the years I have had them. Once I forgot some of the green, bean looking things that form after the flowers fall, at the junction of the flowers and the stem in a babyfood jar in my closet for about a year, and then noticed they had formed roots about 1/2 in. long. I have set these out in a place I can watch, but so far nothing has emergered from the ground. Does anyone know about propagating this kind of seed, bulbil, or whatever you would call it? The bulbs I dug took two years to bloom as I dug them while in bloom, but now are faithful to blossom and I dearly love them as cut flowers as the fragrance is hypnotic indeed. These things are quite common in the rural area where I live, even many clumps on my drive to church in a cowpasture on a steep hill. I am thinking of digging some more from roadside ditches when the foliage dies back this Autumn.
Important note!!!!:(added 6/15/04)
I have recently made an important proagation discovery with this lovely, unique and lovely smelling plant. I had a clue several years ago but missed the point entirely. We all know that this plant can be passed on by digging up and dividing the large bulbs that multiply, but recently I discovered another method. Collect the green colored beans that form on the base of the flowers the minute the blooms fade and store them dry, in an open container (like an unsealed envelope) in a DARK place until a white root begins to show on the side of this seed(?). (about 6 weeks) The green colored bean looking dealies can then be planted about an 3/4 inch deep in fertile soil in a place that can receive plenty of water, and they will sprout and green will show above ground in a few weeks. I don't know how long it will take to produce a bulb, but I have successfully raised some 4 inch plants with this method and some of the beans I used were 2 years old and some were from this years blooms. The seeds (?) I had stored in a babyfood jar from 2 years ago in my closet sprouted roots that were almost an inch long and I planted these and they came up as well as some that were 6 weeks old from this years crop. Everyone of them came up with tiny sword shaped leaves, I believe. I will pass on the info about how long it takes to form true bulbs and blooms at a later date.
Blessed, Dan Brown, Elm Grove, LA
On Apr 24, 2004, desertboot from Bangalore India (Zone 10a) wrote:
We once had a whole bank of them growing along a terracotta-red brick wall. A marvellous sight, until a certain over-boisterous Retrievers decided to dig them all up one fine summer! Very little could be "retrieved" of the lilies thereafter, and we haven't been able to replace them since; they seem to be a rarity here. Looking at the photographs now makes me nostalgic for the fragrance.
On Mar 19, 2004, Tiarella from Tunnel Hill, GA (Zone 7a) wrote:
Does well in average garden soil and is quite striking in the middle of summer when not much is blooming in my garden. Prefers moist soil, and does well in moderate shade.
Pretty easy from seed. I stratified the green, olive-looking seed in damp peat in the fridge, and planted in the spring and had a pretty good rate of germination. I imagine they would also do well planted fresh.
On Jan 6, 2004, sa_haiad from Rio de Janeiro Brazil wrote:
This species of spider lily is a Missouri native bulbous perennial which occurs in swamps and moist woods in the Mississippi lowlands area in the far southeastern corner of the State. It looks like a spidery daffodil with extremely narrow perianth (petal-like) segments. Features a basal clump of up to twelve (12) linear, strap-shaped, amaryllis-like leaves (each to 17” long) growing directly from a bulb. In summer, from the center of the foliage rises a solid scape to 22” which is topped by an umbel
of 5-10 fragrant, white, spidery flowers (to 6” across). Each flower has six (6) extremely narrow, outward-spreading-to-reflexed perianth segments and a daffodil-like staminal center cup (corona). Flowers are followed by
oval to spherical seed capsules. These plants are rare in the wild and should never be dug up for transplanting to a home garden. Synonymous with and sometimes sold as Hymenocallis occidentalis.
I was given a bulb from a friend in May 2002. I was told it was a red Amaryllis. Imagine my surprise when it bloomed in August with white blooms, unlike an Amaryllis! I researched the flower and comparing pictures I took with ones I found on your web site, I believe I have a Spider Lily. I live in the Ormond Lakes neighborhood in Ormond Beach, Florida. My lily bloomed in my side yard in sandy soil. The only negative comment that I have about this beautiful plant is that it's VERY attractive to the Lubber Grasshopper.
On Sep 6, 2001, tiG from Newnan, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:
The Spider Lily is a bulbous plant of the Amaryllis family. This native likes light shade to sun and very well-drained soil.
Hymenocallis caroliniana is herbaceous to semi-evergreen, depending on the severity of the winter season. It is mostly summer-blooming; fertilize regularly during the blooming season.
Plant with tips of bulbs just beneath the ground or pot with the tips just above the surface.
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
Villers-lÃ¨s-nancy, New Market, Alabama Alma, Arkansas Bay, Arkansas Morrilton, Arkansas Bartow, Florida Bushnell, Florida Crawfordville, Florida Dunnellon, Florida Hobe Sound, Florida Keystone Heights, Florida Lake City, Florida Niceville, Florida North Sarasota, Florida Titusville, Florida Youngstown, Florida Cordele, Georgia Cornelia, Georgia Tunnel Hill, Georgia Paoli, Indiana Overland Park, Kansas Elm Grove, Louisiana Folsom, Louisiana New Iberia, Louisiana Plain Dealing, Louisiana Sulphur, Louisiana Jackson, Mississippi Elizabeth City, North Carolina Elrod, North Carolina Fruit Hill, Ohio San Juan, Puerto Rico Toa Alta, Puerto Rico Bluffton, South Carolina Burton, South Carolina Conway, South Carolina Hilton Head Island, South Carolina (2 reports) Lexington, South Carolina Orangeburg, South Carolina Dickson, Tennessee La Follette, Tennessee Walterhill, Tennessee Canyon Lake, Texas Houston, Texas La Porte, Texas Lampasas, Texas Longview, Texas Scenic Oaks, Texas