PlantFiles: Large Flowered Climbing Rose Rosa 'America'
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Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info) Genus: Rosa (RO-zuh) (Info) Cultivar: America Additional cultivar information: (PP3682, aka JACclam) Hybridized by Warriner; Year of Registration or Introduction: 1976
Hardiness: USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 °C (-30 °F) USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F) USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F) USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F) USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F) USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F) USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F) USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F) USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F) USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)
Bloom Color: Medium pink (mp)
Bloom Shape: Double
Flower Fragrance: Very Fragrant
Bloom Time: Blooms repeatedly
Habit: Trained to climb Trained on pillar
Patent Information: Non-patented
Other Details: Resistant to black spot Resistant to mildew Resistant to rust Stems are very thorny
Pruning Instructions: Blooms on new wood; prune early to promote new growth
Soil pH requirements: 5.6 to 6.0 (acidic) 6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
Propagation Methods: From softwood cuttings From semi-hardwood cuttings From hardwood cuttings By grafting By budding
On Nov 11, 2012, AZ_Alkmaar from Westfield, IN wrote:
Although 'America' is a beautiful rose, it is extremely susceptible to Black spot disease. I have had it for the past three years, and this summer of 2012, it got infected starting May and all summer it had been leafless. I beleive partially it happened because it is planted between two prune bushes and there had been limited air circulation. I will transplant it coming spring and give it another chance, if it continues to get sick, I will dicard it. I do not understand why this plant is listed here as a Black Spot resistant?!....
On Oct 13, 2009, SerenaSYH from Overland Park-Kansas City, KS wrote:
The blooms of my Climbing America on its very first growing year are HUGE and Gorgeously spiraling classic hybrid tea form. It is one of my most perfectly formed roses. I bought a very healthy prolific own-root from Roses Unlimited and what a wonderful plant it is! Very healthy so far. The blooms form very slowly because each bloom develops a power-pack of petals- huge long-lasting petal formations. I love this rose! It is the only medium-scented rose that I can be enthused about. Usually I ignore/shrug off medium-scented roses, but the color and its perfection of form have made me forget that flaw. Its fragrance is more peppery and is not the typical fruity scent or damask scent.
This has been a favorite in my garden since it was first planted. It was a mere foot tall over two years ago, and now it is taller than my house.
It is protected from north winds and is trained against a trellis in a south-facing alcove that receives over a half day of sunlight. My "America" seems to thrive with minimal pruning, although it likes fertilizing & deep watering (never splash the leaves--"America" is susceptible to black spot, which here in humid southern Missouri I inevitably have to treat for every year. Pre-treating helps...try a Bayer product).
This is a lovely, profusely blooming rose that won't stop all season long. Mine blooms late spring through fall and only stops when the first frost hits. I prune dead blooms as needed. I am in Zone 6.
On Jun 21, 2006, garden6 from Lansing, KS (Zone 5b) wrote:
This rose is doing very well with a heavy mulch cover and light shelter from the wind provided by the trellis. I planted this potted rose during a summer sale. I also added a whole raw egg at the base of the roots during planting. A neighbor shared that this would do wonders for the rose. Seems to be working.
On Jun 25, 2005, gardener2005 from Baton Rouge area, LA (Zone 8b) wrote:
I have two in my zone 8 garden and they do very well provided I hook up the hose attatchment and spray them each week when I water. I seem to have to spray to prevent black spot most all my roses because it is so humid and rains a lot. The Climbing Americas respond well and have beautiful large glossy leaves and very full fragrant clove scented flowers.
On May 22, 2004, springlover from Franklin, MI (Zone 6a) wrote:
This was one of the very first roses I planted here in Southern Michigan. It is hardy, and has beautiful coral/salmon colored blooms with mimimal scent. Unfortunately, I found somewhere that it only blooms in spring and fall...don't know why, unless it isn't getting enought sun thru the summer. It does hate pruning and needs winter protection here. In spring I only clip off dead tips. I once had a cane on it at least 15' tall!
This spring I thought it died, so cut it down to about 6" off the ground. I've pampered it and fertilized it with all my "rose stuff", and now it is nearly 3' tall with buds!
Good luck with it!
The original builder of my current country residence loved plants and trees (there are several fruit trees and I have "discovered" old flowerbeds and other treasures) but the last few owners/tenents didn't care much for that kind of thing, so there's lots of work. While turning soil for a flower spot, I uncovered a rose tag, and immediately set forth to find out about it.
It is a small round metal tag (about the size of a dog's ID tag), and the brand appears to be Armstrong Roses. Stamped into it in raised letters is: CLAMERICA (JACCLAM). Inscribed above it is: CLIMBING and below the name, the PL. PAT. NO.: 3682. Also, printed on the tag is the statement: "Asexual reproduction of this patented plant without license is prohibited."
I do not know if this rose grew well here, was transplanted, or if the tag somehow came to be in the yard without a plant, but I'm hoping to find photos of what the place originally looked like, and maybe I'll see it and be able to report more.
On Jan 17, 2004, suncatcheracres from Old Town, FL wrote:
I've been looking for a climbing light salmon or coral pink rose that will do well in Northcentral Florida for quite a while, and I found a bare root one on a table in front of a local feed store yesterday. The owner says he sells this brand every year and never gets anything but praises from customers, so I planted my fairly hefty bare root rose with unslightly bare stems into the ground today, as the package said "Plant Me Now." I've been told I can plant practically anything here in zone 8b, as long as the ground isn't frozen.
The label says: "Climbing America, everblooming climbing rose with salmon colored blooms that have a silvery sheen and spicy fragrance. Unusually vigorous plant. Disease resistant and winter hardy."
My Sunset Rose book says it is a large flowered climber developed in 1976, a coral pink color, and an All America Rose Selection, and that "beautiful buds and large, full, highly fragrant, coral-pink blooms of the best hybrid tea form adorn these vigorous plants throughout the season. Can be grown upright, as a pillar rose." It has a high rating of 8.2 (out of 10) from the American Rose Society, says my Ortho Rose Book, and the plant has dark, leathery leaves, is moderately tall and disease resistant, is hardy, and easy to grow. What more can one ask of a rose?
My Southern Living Garden Book describes tea roses in general as "elegant, virtually everblooming, relatively tender roses best in the Lower, Coastal and Tropical South. Plants are long lived, building on old wood and disliking heavy pruning. Flowers are in pastel shades . . . in crosses with hybrid perpetuals, tea roses were parents of the first hybrid teas."
This rose was planted in my "pink bed," placed to climb up a deciduous tree, where it will blend with tall Confederate roses, a red bud tree, an Oriental pink saucer magnolia, pink cannas and Sweet William, and some yellow and white perennials interspersed to break up too much pink monotony, all backed with George Tabor light pink flowered large evergreen Southern Indica azaleas. I garden under heavy shade from ancient live oaks, but this flower bed is in one of my sunniest spots with about a half day of sun, mostly in the early afternoon. I can't wait to see it in full bloom.
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
Redding, California Bristol, Connecticut Fernandina Beach, Florida Old Town, Florida Marietta, Georgia Hampton, Illinois Washington, Illinois Westfield, Indiana Lansing, Kansas Overland Park, Kansas Topeka, Kansas Owensboro, Kentucky Echo, Louisiana Beverly Hills, Michigan Okemos, Michigan Ozark, Missouri Aurora, Ohio Glendale, Ohio Bartlesville, Oklahoma East Norriton, Pennsylvania Oakland, South Carolina Eagleton Village, Tennessee Knoxville, Tennessee Conroe, Texas Gorman, Texas Mckinney, Texas Roanoke, Virginia Olympia, Washington