Height: 4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m) 6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m) 8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m) 10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m) 12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m) 15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)
Spacing: 6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m) 8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m) 10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m) 12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)
Hardiness: USDA Zone 2a: to -45.5 °C (-50 °F) USDA Zone 2b: to -42.7 °C (-45 °F) USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 °C (-40 °F) USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 °C (-35 °F) USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 °C (-30 °F) USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F) USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F) USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F) USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F) USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F) USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F) USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F) USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F) USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)
Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade Light Shade Partial to Full Shade
Bloom Color: Pale Yellow Chartreuse (Yellow-Green) Pale Green
Bloom Time: Mid Summer
Foliage: Grown for foliage Deciduous Good Fall Color
Other details: May be a noxious weed or invasive This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Soil pH requirements: 6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic) 6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
Patent Information: Non-patented
Propagation Methods: From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall From seed; stratify if sowing indoors
Seed Collecting: Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored
On Jul 10, 2012, Zeffie from North River, ND wrote:
just FYI it's Staghorn Sumac or Rhus typhina that you are able to make a kind of lemonade out of. The alkaloid content of Smoothe is different, bitter and not very good for you! That being said, it won't get eaten by rabbits or deer, yay! I mean what else are you going to grow on the prairie in pure clay or rocky soil? And yes, this is indeed native to all 48 lower states, obviously not to EVERY corner of the state, for example you wont find it in the mojave desert; but it does have an impressive range. Best for naturalizing areas, or in a 'wild' garden where it can form an attractive multi trunked shrub/tree. or in a conventional garden in impossible conditions.
On Sep 10, 2010, Vacula333 from Allentown, PA wrote:
I have a small grove of these growing in my back yard and invasive or not, they are still an American native. I prefer this over the Tree of heaven, which is also growing in my yard and is about 25 years old! I have also noticed that the wild grape vine that we have growing on our property will NOT grow on the Sumac, but will kill the tree of heaven, I have not yet figured out how it does this. I have found that there are certain trees that the Grape vine stays away from, and smooth sumac is one of them. I would love to hear your observations on this.
On Nov 4, 2007, creekwalker from Benton County, MO (Zone 5a) wrote:
We have lots of this in Missouri and I had always heard you could make a drink from the ripe berries, so I tried it. It wasn't all that great and a few minutes after drinking it, I almost passed out. I'm not sure whether it was due to the drink or not, but I would try this with caution. I was positive that I had sumac berries too.
All Sumac with red berries are said to be safe but the ones with white berries are the poison ones.
On May 22, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:
This is the only shrub or tree species that is native to all 48 contiguous states, which attests to it's ability to adapt to a wide variety of conditions and climates.
It is the most common sumac and sometimes in good conditions will form a small tree with a flat, open crown.
As stated above, it spreads by runners and can form large colonies without containment, but I enjoy seeing the clumps along the roadways in the fall. They are usually the first color to be seen in these parts and I love the bright red.
On Dec 16, 2004, BotanyDave from Norman, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:
Another "fun" plant for which I got into trouble for transplanting into the backyard. The fall foliage is very nice. The "berries" (drupes) can be made into a drink a bit like Koolaid. Sadly the plant is colonial, so if you plant it, put a barrier in the ground or be ready for a forest.
Transplanting is best done when the plant's gone dormant (note the fine, silvery membrane covering the stems)- in the middle of winter: go dig up a wild one. The roots don't go too far down, but move sideways... just chop off the next plant down.
Be warned- the sap is really sticky, and your hands will be a bit mucky if you mess with the plant. A Very FEW people seem to be allergic to this plant on contact- you will notice if you are.
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
Cullman, Alabama Eclectic, Alabama Holly Pond, Alabama Saraland, Alabama Thomaston, Alabama Vincent, Alabama Phoenix, Arizona Peyton, Colorado East Canaan, Connecticut Rest Haven, Georgia Homecroft, Indiana Plainfield, Indiana Benton, Kentucky Clermont, Kentucky Frankfort, Kentucky Georgetown, Kentucky Lexington, Kentucky Louisville, Kentucky Nicholasville, Kentucky Versailles, Kentucky Durand, Michigan Stephenson, Michigan Cole Camp, Missouri Las Vegas, Nevada Cary, North Carolina Raleigh, North Carolina Belfield, North Dakota Fargo, North Dakota Byesville, Ohio Glouster, Ohio Hills And Dales, Ohio Edmond, Oklahoma Allentown, Pennsylvania Dayton, Tennessee Delano, Tennessee Conroe, Texas Dalworthington Gardens, Texas Fort Worth, Texas Royse City, Texas San Antonio, Texas