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Common Pear, European Pear 'Kieffer'

Pyrus communis

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pyrus (PY-russ) (Info)
Species: communis (KOM-yoo-nis) (Info)
Cultivar: Kieffer


Edible Fruits and Nuts


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By grafting

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Augusta, Georgia

Brunswick, Georgia

Savannah, Georgia

Watkinsville, Georgia

Winnetka, Illinois

Louisville, Kentucky

Coushatta, Louisiana

Lillington, North Carolina

Camuy, Puerto Rico

Barnwell, South Carolina

North Augusta, South Carolina

Spearfish, South Dakota

Elgin, Texas

Huntsville, Texas

Hutto, Texas

New Braunfels, Texas

Palacios, Texas

Linden, Virginia

Troy, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 30, 2014, collomia22 from Lillington, NC wrote:

Nice tree, very productive; fruit is hard, but great for baking. Very resistant to fire blight (a big problem in my area). Mine have required a lot of pruning to develop good form.


On Nov 15, 2009, plantaholic186 from Winnetka, IL wrote:

This is a wonderful pear for espalier. Mine put on 4' - 5' annually, which means that any lost branches are replaced within one summer. There is some fall color, but it's fleeting and not terribly spectacular. The fruits do take a long time to mature, but can be eaten earlier, if you like crunchy pears with a very subtle taste. Excellent fruit for baking.


On Jan 20, 2004, Farmerdill from Augusta, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

The Kieffer is an old time pear. The trees where I grew up were very old in the forties. This is a large pear that is very hard until ripens. In Virginia this was about the first of October. They didn't reach good texture and flavor unti several weeks later. Biggest drawback was that they contained grit cells. Flavor is outstanding when ripe. They also grow here in Georgia but ripen too early for best flavor.