Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Fragrant Gaillardia, Perfumeballs, Sweet Firewheel, Rayless Gaillardia, Pincushion Daisy, Gyp Indian
Gaillardia suavis

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Gaillardia (gay-LAR-dee-uh) (Info)
Species: suavis (SWAH-vis) (Info)

Synonym:Agassizia suavis
Synonym:Gaillardia trinervata

15 members have or want this plant for trade.


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun


Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Blooms repeatedly


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Flowers are fragrant
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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There are a total of 13 photos.
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1 positive
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive htop On Jul 30, 2005, htop from San Antonio, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

Fragrant gaillardia is also known as gyp Indian blanket and rayless blanket flower. It is a native Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas wildflower which can grow in sand, loam, shallow gravelly soil or clay on open, dry and rocky sites. Not requiring much water, it prefers and does best when planted in sandy or gypsum soils. I have found sites that recommend a soil acidity level of above 6.8; however, I have have found them happily growing in limestoney soils that have an alkaline ph. It will grow in full sun or partial shade. Often forming dense stands, fragrant gaillardia is a slender, upright, clumped perennial whose height varies between 12 - 32 inches tall (usually about 24 inches tall). It is not as showy as Gaillardia pulchella, but what it lacks in bright colors is made up in fragrance.

Fragrant gaillardia can be easily overlooked and grows from a rosette of 2-6 inches long, lance-shaped leaves with toothed or entire margins which grow close to the ground. The leaves are all basal. They are loosely covered with pubescence. The stem is erect, slender and pubescent. During March and through June, a tall, naked stem emerges which has a solitary, 3/4" to 1" across, spherical globe-shaped head. It is often petal less meaning that the ray flowers are few to absent. Any rays that are present, are yellow to orange or red, very short and fall off quickly. The disk florets are shorter than the receptacle bristles and have reddish-brown corollas. These disk flowers are numerous and form a rounded, pincushion-like head. It has a mildly sweet fragrance. Its species name, suavis, means of the senses - sweet, pleasant. The blooms make great cut flowers to use in arrangements. You can't miss the seedhead. The red seedhead slowly turns white and becomes a papery puff ball. Collect the seeds in June.

In a cultivated environment, adequate moisture and removal of mature flowerheads will encourage flowering until fall. I find them quite beautiful. Enjoy their beauty and fragrance by planting them in thick clumps near an entranceway or where you walk frequently. Also, they are useful in xeriscapes, wildscapes and rock gardens.

Neutral smiln32 On Oct 13, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Gaillardia is a plant that likes soil to be a bit drier, so don't overwater it. This variety is no exception. Needs full sun to grow well and needs deadheading after blooms fade.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Clover, South Carolina
Arlington, Texas
Midland, Texas
San Antonio, Texas

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