Hop Bush, A'ali'i, Laumpuaye, Hopseed Bush, Togovao

Dodonaea viscosa

Family: Sapindaceae (sap-in-DAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Dodonaea (doh-DOH-nee-uh) (Info)
Species: viscosa (vis-KOH-suh) (Info)
Synonym:Dodonaea eleagnoides
Synonym:Dodonaea eriocarpa
Synonym:Dodonaea microcarya
Synonym:Dodonaea sandwicensis
Synonym:Dodonaea viscosa subsp. viscosa



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Light Shade


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:


Maroon (Purple-Brown)

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Mid Fall



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Lake Havasu City, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona (2 reports)

Tempe, Arizona

Daly City, California

Napa, California

San Francisco, California

Venice, California

Oldsmar, Florida

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Belton, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Dec 25, 2009, edgeplot from Seattle, WA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Fast growing, attractive and drought tolerant as a pot specimen. Nice shrub, particularly the 'Purpurea' cultivar, but sadly not hardy in Seattle (Zone 8b). It lasts for a year or two, but hard frosts down to 15-20F kill it eventually.


On Jul 26, 2004, paulventer from johannesburg
South Africa wrote:

Distribution of this plant seems to be widespread over the southern hemisphere - it occurs, besides Australia, in South Africa and Madagascar and apparently widespread on Pacific islands. It has an extremely beautiful timber reminiscent of Olive wood and is quite dense. The freshly-cut timber reacts with water to produce a white, soapy froth typical of the Sapindaceae.


On Feb 16, 2004, kennedyh from Churchill, Victoria
Australia (Zone 10a) wrote:

This is a shrub from Australia and New Zealand , which gets its name from a superficial resemblance between the winged seed capsules and the fruit of the Hop. It is a very variable species with a number of named subspecies. A New Zealand variety with purple foliage is popular as a garden shrub. I have successfully grown them from seed for a local park, but have not yet planted one in my garden. If planted, it is important to have a group of plants as they are dioecious, that is each plant has either male flowers or female flowers but not both. The female plant will not develop its attractive seed capsules unless there is a male plant nearby.