Trout Lily
Erythronium albidum

Family: Liliaceae (lil-ee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Erythronium (er-ih-THROH-nee-um) (Info)
Species: albidum (AL-bi-dum) (Info)

Category:

Perennials

Height:

under 6 in. (15 cm)

Spacing:

3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade

Danger:

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Mid Spring

Foliage:

Mottled

Other details:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Palmyra, Illinois

Rockford, Illinois

Warren, Indiana

Dearborn Heights, Michigan

Isle, Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Pittsford, New York

Syracuse, New York

Norristown, Pennsylvania

Royse City, Texas

Leesburg, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

1
positive
1
neutral
0
negatives
RatingContent
Positive

On Jan 10, 2009, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

Trout lily makes a nice small groundcover - they takes a lot of time to cover enough space. They have marbled foliages, thus giving them the name trout lily. Both the native eastern US species can be difficult to tell apart until they blooms - and they have a very low rate of bloom rates - mine took five to 6 years from a small amount about 2 to 3 plants that had mulitplied into roughly 30 individuals before one finally bloomed thus enable their identify.
The rhizomes are pretty deep in the soil - when I tried to dig them up they were buried about 4 to 5 inches deep and normally produce a single leaf - when they flowers they makes two leaves.

Neutral

On Nov 22, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

This North American Trout Lily has solitary white flowers with yellow centers and blue- or pink-tinted edges. It prefers somewhat shady conditions and rich, well-drained soil. Flowers bloom in early spring. They typically grow in colonies in wooded areas. According to the "Field Guide to Medicinal Plants, Eastern and Central North America", Iroquois women ate the leaves to prevent conception and the plant has anti bacterial properties.