Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Croton
Codiaeum variegatum 'Andrew'

Family: Euphorbiaceae (yoo-for-bee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Codiaeum (koh-dih-EE-um) (Info)
Species: variegatum (var-ee-GAY-tum) (Info)
Cultivar: Andrew

4 members have or want this plant for trade.

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
Gold (Yellow-Orange)

Bloom Time:
Blooms repeatedly

Grown for foliage

Other details:
This plant is suitable for growing indoors
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Provides winter interest
Suitable for growing in containers

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From woody stem cuttings
From softwood cuttings
From semi-hardwood cuttings
By air layering
By tip layering

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

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to view:

By kniphofia
Thumbnail #1 of Codiaeum variegatum by kniphofia

By vossner
Thumbnail #2 of Codiaeum variegatum by vossner

By Tijer
Thumbnail #3 of Codiaeum variegatum by Tijer

By Tijer
Thumbnail #4 of Codiaeum variegatum by Tijer

By Tijer
Thumbnail #5 of Codiaeum variegatum by Tijer

By plantladylin
Thumbnail #6 of Codiaeum variegatum by plantladylin

By jskyieeyes3
Thumbnail #7 of Codiaeum variegatum by jskyieeyes3

There are a total of 9 photos.
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4 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive jskyieeyes3 On Sep 17, 2010, jskyieeyes3 from Saint Cloud, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

i has first started off with fiesta crotons. they had done well and had gotten considerably large. but unfortunetly, they were overtaken by wooly aphids and died. i went to home depot to get some more, when i noticed this variety of croton (which, when i got it the tag simply read "tropical foliage"). i liked the color pattern and the slight curvature to the leaves. (i thought, less places for aphids to hide if this one were to fall victim!) i bought 3 of them and planted them in a window box on my porch. they made it through the frosts and unseasonably cold weather this past winter (on really cold nights i brought them in), but once spring came i moved them outside. i ended up losing 2 of the 3 andrew's. maybe the cold affected them after all, or they weren't getting enough sun, or maybe it was too much water.. whatever the case was.. i repotted the survivor, and moved it to a different location in the garden. it has done beautifully ever since! before all of this, getting the fiestas and all, i admit that i wasn't a fan of crotons. but my little fighter has made me appreciate them, and made me learn that i can't be a "plant snob" lol =)

Positive plantladylin On Jul 14, 2009, plantladylin from South Daytona, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

I love all Codiaeum/Croton's and am used to seeing the ones with the vivid orange/red/yellow combinations. The variegation of white/green/cream in Andrew's foliage really caught my eye.

This is my second attempt at growing Croton Andrew as a container plant. The first time it succumbed when I was traveling a lot and it didn't get the proper care. This one I've had for about a year. Last winter I moved it into the Florida room with many other plants because we had frosts and a couple of freezes and I don't think it would have survived the extremely cold temp's.

Positive vossner On Dec 23, 2008, vossner from Richmond, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

I didn't realize what a fast grower this croton was until I compared my Dec 2008 pic to my May 2007 pic. wow! Mine is a potted patio plant. Because it has made it fine w/o winter protection, I may transplant inground. A low maintenance plant for me. Mine gets sun most of the day but it doesn't get burned or crispy edges.

2010: Did not survive our unusually harsh 2009-2010 winter, despite being a 2' x 2' shrub. I've gotten another one and will overwinter in garage.

Positive Tijer On Sep 11, 2005, Tijer from Miami, FL wrote:

A very good grower in full sun. Form is loose and upright. Produces sports from time to time that are throw backs to it's parents. Removing the sport keeps the plant from reverting. Colors on leaves are from bright white on the margins to forest green at the center. The two colors blend to shades of seafoam green, colors not common in crotons. The mother plant was purchased from Home Depot in the spring of 1995 as a 2" angel plant after growing to 8' and a 21" tub it was planted in to the ground 3 years ago in West Kendall, Fla. In heavy soil it never shed a leaf and has added 4' in height.
No Pest Problems

UPDATE 09/03/2007 - Andy Currently stands at about 10'. This bush was laid flat by both Katrina and then Wilma. The point of this is that they where in opposite directions. The plant was so hardy that it hardly lost a leaf. On the last righting I installed limestone rocks to give the bush something to attach to with stability. When this pant sports reverted sprouts they are deep green with yellow to gold spots. The mid vein is light green and not yellow or gold.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Big Pine Key, Florida
Miami, Florida
Saint Cloud, Florida
Richmond, Texas

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