Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Winged Elm
Ulmus alata

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Family: Ulmaceae (ulm-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Ulmus (ULM-us) (Info)
Species: alata (a-LAY-tuh) (Info)

5 members have or want this plant for trade.

Category:
Trees

Height:
over 40 ft. (12 m)

Spacing:
20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

Hardiness:
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Danger:
N/A

Bloom Color:
Inconspicuous/none

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring

Foliage:
Deciduous

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From semi-hardwood cuttings
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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By Jeff_Beck
Thumbnail #1 of Ulmus alata by Jeff_Beck

By Jeff_Beck
Thumbnail #2 of Ulmus alata by Jeff_Beck

By Jeff_Beck
Thumbnail #3 of Ulmus alata by Jeff_Beck

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Thumbnail #4 of Ulmus alata by Jeff_Beck

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Thumbnail #5 of Ulmus alata by Jeff_Beck

By patp
Thumbnail #6 of Ulmus alata by patp

By patp
Thumbnail #7 of Ulmus alata by patp

There are a total of 15 photos.
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Profile:

4 positives
2 neutrals
2 negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

RatingAuthorContent
Positive Rickwebb On Feb 24, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

Back in the early 1980's I saw a few Winged Elms near the old schoolhouse at my family's cemetery in far southern Illinois. I wish I had my camera at that time. This southern species looked like a handsome tree to me, with handsome glossy leaves. Almost every elm species produces lots of seedlings, whether it be the most handsome American Elm or the usually ugly Siberian Chinese Elm. As a group, the Asian elms are least good-looking, to me only the Lacebark and 'Prospector' look good.

Negative vossner On Oct 22, 2013, vossner from Richmond, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

A nuisance in my garden. Have seedlings everywhere. Very hard to remove--have to wait until after a good rain to shovel prune. Seedlings have a long taproot and if even a little piece remains, that seedling will re- emerge.

Negative atcps On Oct 21, 2013, atcps from WOODLAWN, TN wrote:

These trees are all over a piece of property we purchased and they are hard to clear out from the field and woods. While the bark is interesting the tree will lose it leaves quite early in the season and do not look good at all. I see only minor value in them for the wildlife but am trying to eradicate them to a manageable level. They crowd out more desirable trees like oaks and hickories and are not attractive at all.

Neutral backyardgrown On May 21, 2010, backyardgrown from Batesville, MS (Zone 7b) wrote:

The only reason I don't give this tree a positive rating is because the seedlings tend to pop up everywhere. If you can't mow or pull them you will have a pretty thick stand in a few years. Other than that, it has interesting bark and doesn't sucker.

Neutral peachespickett On Feb 7, 2008, peachespickett from Huntington, AR wrote:

Here in western Arkansas the winged elms are blooming right now (february7) started a week ago or so. Tough and drought-tolerant, but last year there were so many seeds they came up in every bed and pot I have. Also, they WILL take over a field in a few years, forming nearly impenetrable thickets.

Positive frostweed On Mar 4, 2006, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Winged Elm, Ulmus alata is Native to North Central Texas.

Positive melody On Nov 11, 2004, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

A tree of the Southern bottomlands, Winged Elms have a unique texture to their bark and branches. The 'wings' make for great Winter interest, and they make a unique addition to ones garden.

In some areas, the small seedlings pop up in pastures and fields making them somewhat of an aggrivation to farmers, but they shouldn't be considered an invasive plant by any means.

A meduim sized tree that gets between 40' and 50' tall and has a diameter of 1' to 2'. The small flowers that are not easily noticed ,form in March.

Positive patp On May 25, 2004, patp from Summerville, SC (Zone 8a) wrote:

Quoting from the New Illustrated Encyclopedia of Gardening:
"Elms are not fastidious regarding soil acidity; they thrive both where there is a good deal of lime and where little lime is present. Soil of a loamy character, however, is the best....Native of North America....U. alata, the Wahoo Elm, which grows natively from Virginia to Florida and westward to Illinois and Texas and is less hardy than [some other elms]. The Wahoo Elm grows about 50 ft. tall, has a round-topped head and is planted to some extent as a street tree in the South."

We have 2 Winged Elm trees, estimated to be about 14 years old, which are planted in heavy clay soil. They tolerate drought quite well but grow very slowly. I've seen only one other Winged Elm tree in this area. The corky bark makes the tree look "spooky" in an endearing sort of way. Leaves are very small.

Regional...

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Huntington, Arkansas
Peel, Arkansas
Bartow, Florida
Black Diamond, Florida
Ocala, Florida
Oldsmar, Florida
Ellerslie, Georgia
Lawrenceville, Georgia
Peachtree City, Georgia
Carbondale, Illinois
Benton, Kentucky
Coushatta, Louisiana
Batesville, Mississippi
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
India Hook, South Carolina
Summerville, South Carolina
Dickson, Tennessee
Indian Mound, Tennessee
Woodlawn, Tennessee
Dalworthington Gardens, Texas
Lampasas, Texas
Lufkin, Texas
Magnolia, Texas
Pecan Grove, Texas
Roman Forest, Texas



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