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PlantFiles: Carnarvon Palm
Livistona nitida

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Family: Arecaceae (ar-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Livistona (liv-iss-TOH-nuh) (Info)
Species: nitida (NI-ti-duh) (Info)

Category:
Trees
Palms

Height:
30-40 ft. (9-12 m)
over 40 ft. (12 m)

Spacing:
8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

Hardiness:
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Danger:
Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:
Unknown - Tell us

Foliage:
Evergreen

Other details:
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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There are a total of 18 photos.
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Profile:

2 positives
No neutrals
1 negative

Gardeners' Notes:

RatingAuthorContent
Positive jlevert On Oct 14, 2012, jlevert from Augusta, GA wrote:

L. nitida has done very well in Augusta, GA. Grows much faster with ample water, but does fine without it. Two winters in a row, it was covered in snow for several days. There was some leaf damage, but the palm grew like crazy the following Spring with no spear pull. Lows that it has endured are in the low20's. The palm is 12' tall after six years from a 5-gal. container.

Negative NorthSC On Jun 8, 2012, NorthSC from North, SC (Zone 8a) wrote:

Livistona nitida - I bought a couple of these as small plants, kept in a greenhouse over winter, took a god care of them, but it got exposed to 28F for some nights inside the mostly unheated greenhouse (only heated to raise temps to 28F) and the spear pulled on both plants. One died by June, another did not show any signs of growth even by now (8th of June 2012) and it seems all soft and mushy even if I treated it with antibacterial as I did to my other palms. All other kinds of palms recovered (or died), but these ones are just too slow to recover or they are just not lively palms. They died later. I will try a couple of these once again and will keep indoors during freezing nights until they grow larger. Update: Bought several hundred seeds, 3 months later not a single germination yet (both Nitida and Chinensis). Will keep updated.

UPDATE: This 2013/14 winter I kept two 1+ footers in perfect soil conditions under a rain shelter (kept dry) until temps were forecasted to hit below 20F then moved them to a greenhouse. They slowly turned brown and pulled the entire spears and more. Looks like this palm is no good for other than perfect conditions in zone 9B or warmer. Perhaps Southern California? Just as a side note, I also purchased hundreds of seeds of Livistona chinensis from an old well known seed seller, which did not germinate even a single one. My climate is somehow warmer than Augusta because we are closer to the Atlantic coast, Georgia and I would be unable to imagine what would have happened to these palms if I left them out in the open to be snowed and iced on. No more experimenting with Livistonas of any kind.

The only HONEST website about this palm's hardiness that I could find:

http://www.trebrown.com/plant_info.php?species=Livistona nit...

Positive palmbob On Mar 6, 2004, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Have a lot of experience with this exceptionally hardy Livistona species, only it's not that unique looking- in fact as a seedling up to a young adult, it can look a lot like a Washingtonia. Is one of the fastest growing Livistona species, and as adult, looks similar to Livistona australis- droopy, somewhat wide, deeply split fan leaves. As seedling, though, leaves fairly stiff and like a small Washingtonia, only with a slightly more costapalmate look (division down the middle where the leaflets divide from). Hard to kill this palm off- likes water, but if doesn't get any, doesn' care. Very cold hardy.

Regional...

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Los Angeles, California
Thousand Oaks, California
Visalia, California
Brandon, Florida
Ocala, Florida
West Palm Beach, Florida
Augusta, Georgia
Savannah, Georgia
North, South Carolina



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