Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Missouri Violet, Native Wood Violet
Viola missouriensis

Family: Violaceae (vy-oh-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Viola (vy-OH-la) (Info)
Species: missouriensis (miss-oor-ee-EN-sis) (Info)

12 members have or want this plant for trade.


under 6 in. (15 cm)

12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Light Shade
Partial to Full Shade


Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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There are a total of 8 photos.
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5 positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive rainewalker On Mar 19, 2011, rainewalker from Fort Worth, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Flowering in March, this violet grows in wooded areas along the northeast bank of Delaware creek in Clarksville, Texas.

Positive feelinmymonkie On Apr 23, 2008, feelinmymonkie from Clover, SC wrote:

I have these growing wild all over my yard, but only in my shaded areas. They seem very easy to take care of & the foliage stays pretty & grows even bigger after the flowers fade.

Neutral btc129psu On Apr 7, 2008, btc129psu from Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

These grow extensively in large shaded grassy areas here in Houston. I have transplanted some to pots and have had great success keeping them; however, I must say they are extremely succeptible to spider mites and aphids. More so than almost any other plant I have tried to grow here my violets, and particularly these, are constantly overcome with black aphid-like insects and colonies of spider mites. While they grow well in pots under good condition, keeping them healthy in the abyssmal ecological black hole of much of Houston's urban area can be quite a chore.

Neutral winter_unfazed On Jan 30, 2005, winter_unfazed from Rural Webster County, MO (Zone 6a) wrote:

I discovered the Missouri violet on April 3, 2004 growing under a peach tree in the yard. Then l transplanted it to the garden for later seed collection, but l never found seeds. Apparently the purple flowers are male flowers. The violet/pansy family Violaceae is in the Violales order along with the Cucurbitaceae squash/melon family. Those all have male and female flowers too, so that makes sense.

Positive melody On Jan 25, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

Cheerful and pretty, these always mean Spring to me.

They grow wild throughout most woodland areas and happily transplant to the garden.

It can get invasive, and for those who like everything in neat little sections, this plant could be frustrating. It spreads with abandon in yards and gardens, which does not bother me at all.

The seed bearing flowers are not seen, hiding beneath the leaves. They do not 'bloom' like the pretty purple flowers on top, rather, they mature and drop their seeds unseen.

The Wood Violet is edible and the Amish eat the flowers and leaves as a Spring green. Jelly and syrup can be made from the blossoms.

As with any wild plant, partake in moderation and make sure you are getting clean plants with no pesticides.

Positive chicochi3 On Sep 29, 2004, chicochi3 from Fayetteville, AR (Zone 6b) wrote:

Grows wild all over my yard in NW Arkansas.

Positive thesmorphoros On Sep 3, 2004, thesmorphoros from Austin, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

Pretty, clumping groundcover that grows well in dappled shade here in central Texas. It gets kind of ragged mid-summer, but mowing it brings it back up in time for fall.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Benton, Kentucky
Halifax, Massachusetts
Piedmont, Missouri
Rogersville, Missouri
Springfield, Missouri
Closter, New Jersey
Hilliard, Ohio
Clover, South Carolina
Arlington, Texas
Austin, Texas (3 reports)
Belton, Texas
Ben Wheeler, Texas
Canton, Texas
Clarksville, Texas
Dallas, Texas
Fort Worth, Texas
Frisco, Texas
Houston, Texas
Mc Kinney, Texas

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