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PlantFiles: Saskatoon Berry, Serviceberry, June Berry, Juneberry, Shad-Bush
Amelanchier alnifolia

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Amelanchier (am-uh-LAN-kee-er) (Info)
Species: alnifolia (al-nee-FOH-lee-uh) (Info)

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

26 members have or want this plant for trade.


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

USDA Zone 2a: to -45.5 C (-50 F)
USDA Zone 2b: to -42.7 C (-45 F)
USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun


Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors
Scarify seed before sowing

Seed Collecting:
Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds
Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds

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6 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Rickwebb On Dec 3, 2013, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

A neat, handsome shrub usually about 5 to 6 ft high. I planted two at my first house west of Chicago, and they did well. Pretty white flowers in April and the fruit is delicious like other serviceberry species borne in June. Like other serviceberry, it grows well in acid or slightly alkaline soil of pH 5.0 to 7.5. Full sun is best, especially for flowers and fruit.

Positive Gabrielle On Jul 3, 2011, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

Blooms April-May in my garden and fruits ripen in June. Fruit resembles blueberries, but not as flavorful. The birds do enjoy them.

Positive Indigokitty On Feb 7, 2010, Indigokitty from College Station, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

I had this shrub growing in near deep shade in the woods. Still got good color in the fall. It grows wild around here.

Positive Lilypon On Aug 13, 2009, Lilypon from Moose Jaw, SK (Zone 3b) wrote:

I wouldn't worry too much about those cyanide like toxins (unless one has severe allergies maybe) re human consumption. I have never heard of anyone here getting cyanide poisoning from eating the raw fruit.

In Saskatchewan people gorge themselves on raw Saskatoons from a very early age until they die (my grandmothers and grandfathers lived to their late 80's mid 90's with excellent health until the very end and they ate pails full of the raw berries every summer.

Positive cowgirlgardener On Jan 10, 2008, cowgirlgardener from Firth, ID wrote:

These berries are great in pies, pancakes, puddings,muffins, etc. However, WARNING! The leaves and pits contain poisonous cyanide-like compounds. Cooking or drying destroys these toxins.
Taste similar to blueberries.

Positive tcfromky On Sep 17, 2004, tcfromky from Mercer, PA (Zone 5a) wrote:

This plant is also known as a Juneberry. The self-fertile fruits can be eaten right off the tree. Also lovely leaves in autumn. It only gets to about 6' tall, too.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Forest Falls, California
Welaka, Florida
Firth, Idaho
Aurora, Illinois
Chicago, Illinois
Washington, Illinois
Taylorsville, Kentucky
Lachine, Michigan
Alexandria, Minnesota
Andover, Minnesota
Browning, Montana
Belfield, North Dakota
Medora, North Dakota
Salem, Oregon
Troy, Pennsylvania
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
College Station, Texas
Appomattox, Virginia
Portsmouth, Virginia
Battle Ground, Washington
Spokane, Washington
Vancouver, Washington

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