Bearberry, Kinnikinnick, Manzanita
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Family: Ericaceae (er-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Arctostaphylos (ark-toh-STAF-ih-los) (Info)
Species: uva-ursi (OO-va UR-see) (Info)
Synonym:Arctostaphylos officinalis

Category:

Shrubs

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Water Requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us

Height:

6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

Spacing:

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Danger:

N/A

Bloom Color:

Pale Pink

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Foliage:

Evergreen

Provides winter interest

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

From semi-hardwood cuttings

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

By simple layering

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anchorage, Alaska

Colorado Springs, Colorado

Estes Park, Colorado

Parker, Colorado

Greene, Maine

Halifax, Massachusetts

Mashpee, Massachusetts

Nantucket, Massachusetts

Beaver Island, Michigan

Dearborn Heights, Michigan

Grand Rapids, Michigan

Saint Helen, Michigan

Piedmont, Missouri

Munsonville, New Hampshire

Oceanside, New York

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Eugene, Oregon

Grants Pass, Oregon

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Leesburg, Virginia

Danville, Washington

Sequim, Washington

Tacoma, Washington

Valley, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

4
positives
1
neutral
1
negative
RatingContent
Positive

On Dec 13, 2012, kbjanet2003 from mid-Michigan, MI wrote:

I love this plant. It grows wild in northern Michigan in very dry, sandy soil along with wintergreen and so many other wildflowers. Sometimes you see it near beaches and sandy riverbanks.
My only problem in my urban yard in southern Michigan is rabbits. Though I see many guides referring to this plant as rabbitproof or rabbit resistant, I think not! With lots and lots of rabbits uncontrolled in an urban setting I am at my whit's end to keep them away. They love this one as much as they love my curled parsley. It seems likely rabbits would not choose this plant first in a wild setting due to its tough-looking, rubbery nature. Perhaps in the wild there is a greater array of delectable native plant material to choose from so rabbits naturally pass it by. However in my urban setting be... read more

Positive

On Apr 12, 2011, Erutuon from Minneapolis, MN wrote:

I bought a tiny bearberry plant at the Friends School Plant Sale and planted it in a fairly sunny spot, with rocks around it to protect it from squirrels. It's survived despite having tips bitten off, so I'm satisfied. Hopefully it will form a large glossy-green clump over time.

Neutral

On Feb 16, 2009, grrrlgeek from Grayslake, IL (Zone 5a) wrote:

Native to northern and western US and all of Canada. Endangered in some states.

Positive

On Oct 24, 2006, Grasmussen from Anchorage, AK (Zone 4a) wrote:

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Kinnikinnick, grows on sandy or rocky, well-drained sites, in both woodlands and open areas. It is found circumpolar as far north as the Arctic coast. The long, flexible, rooting, branches have a brownish bark. Kinnikinnick has potential as a decorative shrub, for retaining walls, in northern areas. Planted along the top of a retaining wall, the evergreen foliage with red berries, would make the wall appear part the natural environment.

Positive

On Oct 6, 2004, nevrest from Broadview, SK (Zone 3a) wrote:

Thrives here in southeastern Saskatchewan Zone 3.
Nice groundcover on steep embankments. Does not seem to mind clay or poor soil. Bright red berries attract some birds in the early winter.

Negative

On Oct 5, 2004, Kelli from L.A. (Canoga Park), CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

We couldn't keep ours alive. Not suited to hot summer climates, I don't think.