Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Greater Perwinkle
Vinca major 'Maculata'

Family: Apocynaceae (a-pos-ih-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Vinca (VIN-kuh) (Info)
Species: major (MAY-jor) (Info)
Cultivar: Maculata

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6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

9-12 in. (22-30 cm)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring
Mid Spring

Grown for foliage

Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From softwood cuttings
From semi-hardwood cuttings
By tip layering
By serpentine layering
By stooling or mound layering

Seed Collecting:
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

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By Toxicodendron
Thumbnail #1 of Vinca major by Toxicodendron

By Toxicodendron
Thumbnail #2 of Vinca major by Toxicodendron

By Lilypon
Thumbnail #3 of Vinca major by Lilypon

By growin
Thumbnail #4 of Vinca major by growin


3 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive chief67 On May 6, 2004, chief67 from Moorhead, MN wrote:

I had several stems of Vinca major survive the winter under a pile of leaves in zone 3! I was cleaning off a small planting bed, and found some fresh sprouts under the leaves. We had a cold snap last winter in which the temperature reached -40F.

Positive Maudie On Apr 18, 2004, Maudie from Harvest, AL wrote:

Mine is the variegated variety and it is very useful for planting under trees. Foliage is very attractive as well as the flowers. However, it is invasive here in central AL but does not die down in winter which is a plus and blooms from Spring to

Positive Toxicodendron On Apr 17, 2004, Toxicodendron from Piedmont, MO (Zone 6a) wrote:

'Maculata' vinca is nominally hardy here in zone 6, so it dies to the ground each winter; therefore it is not very invasive here. In containers, it tends to die here in my zone if left out for the winter. It is best trailing out of containers, over a wall, or down a slope instead of being used as a groundcover because it is not very low growing like vinca minor is. I grow it in part shade, average watering. The long runners root where they touch the soil.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Deltona, Florida
Canton, Illinois
Piedmont, Missouri
Christiana, Tennessee

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