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English Primrose
Primula vulgaris 'Francesca'

Family: Primulaceae
Genus: Primula (PRIM-yew-luh) (Info)
Species: vulgaris (vul-GAIR-iss) (Info)
Cultivar: Francesca
Synonym:Primula acaulis


Alpines and Rock Gardens



under 6 in. (15 cm)

6-12 in. (15-30 cm)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Light Shade



Bloom Color:

Chartreuse (Yellow-Green)

Pale Green

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer



Other details:

Flowers are fragrant

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

This plant is resistant to deer

Suitable for growing in containers

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Albany, California

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Puyallup, Washington

Gardeners' Notes:


On Nov 2, 2014, rose_gardenmom from Boise, ID wrote:

Seems to be more reliably perennial here than most other types of primroses. Mine (originally purchased, I think, from Heronswood Nursery) has survived for several years now. Just needs good drainage year-round and some sun protection in summer.


On Apr 25, 2004, wnstarr from Puyallup, WA (Zone 5a) wrote:

Edgewood, Wa. Large ruffled bicolored green blossoms. This primrose is a show stopper. I planted a single plant last year and have a nice big clump this Spring. As all primroses it prefers light shade, will grow in sun but will shorten the life of the blooms. Moist soil rich in humus. I give this bed a good dose of steer manure as soon as it is available in the garden centers.
Will be hard to track down, but oh is it worth it the first time it pops into bloom. Sure to get a response from vistors to your garden.