Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Shoofly Plant, Apple of Peru
Nicandra physalodes

Family: Solanaceae (so-lan-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Nicandra (nee-KAN-druh) (Info)
Species: physalodes (fy-sal-OY-deez) (Info)

2 vendors have this plant for sale.

24 members have or want this plant for trade.


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

Not Applicable

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Late Summer/Early Fall


Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

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By mystic
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By Weezingreens
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There are a total of 24 photos.
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4 positives
2 neutrals
1 negative

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Dean48089 On Jun 5, 2013, Dean48089 from Warren, MI (Zone 6b) wrote:

I like this plant very much and always have a few around. Yes, it reseeds but nowhere the extent of things like Sweet Annie or ragweed. Shoo-Fly doesn't make extensive roots so weeding out unwanted plants is easy.

In my experience I get better blooms from plants that are grown 'hard.' Plants in beds or planters where they get regular watering and/or fertilizer tend to get big and bushy without a lot of flowers.

Positive ransom3 On Apr 21, 2013, ransom3 from Zephyrhills, FL wrote:

Very pretty plant. I am growing the variegated leaf variety known as Splash.

Positive RosinaBloom On Apr 20, 2013, RosinaBloom from Waihi
New Zealand (Zone 1) wrote:

'Apple of Peru' has caught my attention because it has suddenly appeared out of the blue in the garden under the bird bath. So guess where the seeds came from! There are twelve small plants so far looking very healthy well into our autumn. Not knowing what they were at first, I thought I'd let them grow to see what they turned into, and am pleasantly surprised with the lovely little blue flower on one of the plants. Looking forward to watching their growth.

Neutral cinemike On Oct 27, 2012, cinemike from CREZIERES
France (Zone 8a) wrote:

I was surprised by how large and bushy this plant became in just a few weeks from a scrawny seedling to - for an annual - a monster.
This seems, perhaps best regarded as a foliage plant, as, compared with the leaves, the flowers are small and not very striking. I was rather disappointed in this regard.
It's only invasive if you let it go to seed...

Negative jq On Mar 18, 2010, jq from White Lake, MI wrote:

Do not even think of cultivating this horrible invasive!!

People have no idea how detrimental this plant is to field crops, especially soybeans. Herbicides used to control noxious weeds in crops have virtually no effect on Apple of Peru and this plant is host to a cucumber disease. Consider all the wildlife and people who may spread these seeds on their paws and shoes. . . from your home to food crops. Once established, this prolific seeder is nearly impossible to control and leaves thousands of seeds in the soil bank. If you value your future sources of grain products, eliminate this invasive species immediately from your garden.

Positive Weezingreens On Aug 7, 2002, Weezingreens from Seward, AK (Zone 3b) wrote:

I just love this plant. It is bushy with large well-formed leaves, and the blooms are a lovely lavender shade. As the season progresses, the stems and pods become burnished with a deep maroon.

Neutral mystic On Aug 4, 2001, mystic from Ewing, KY (Zone 6a) wrote:

Large,upright hardy annual herb;leaves alternate,simple, irregularly toothed on the margin;flowers axillary, nodding,short bell-shaped,pale blue;fruit a dry berry enclosed by an enlarged,papery calyx. Blooms in late summer and early autumn.Flowers last only a day but appear in succession.Green fruits follows the blooms.Self seeds.The branches with the berries can be dried for use in arrangements.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Ester, Alaska
Seward, Alaska
Calistoga, California
Fremont, California
Menifee, California
Novato, California
Oakland, California
San Francisco, California
Tulare, California
Denver, Colorado
Zephyrhills, Florida
Blairsville, Georgia
Rincon, Georgia
Boone, Iowa
Creston, Iowa
Ewing, Kentucky
West Monroe, Louisiana
Marquette, Michigan
Warren, Michigan
Neptune, New Jersey
Alexander, North Carolina
Bismarck, North Dakota
Columbia Station, Ohio
Dover, Ohio
Williamsburg, Ohio
Brookings, Oregon
Kalama, Washington

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