Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Green False-Nightshade, Greenleaf Five Eyes
Solanum coronopus

Family: Solanaceae (so-lan-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Solanum (so-LAN-num) (Info)
Species: coronopus (koh-RON-oh-pus) (Info)

Synonym:Chamaesaracha coronopus

One member has or wants this plant for trade.


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

9-12 in. (22-30 cm)
12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

Unknown - Tell us

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Chartreuse (Yellow-Green)

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall


Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds

Click thumbnail
to view:

By htop
Thumbnail #1 of Solanum coronopus by htop


1 positive
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive realbirdlady On Oct 2, 2009, realbirdlady from Austin, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

Also called "hairy five eyes". I'm not sure where the note about invasive or noxious is coming from, either. It's well adapted in the areas where it is native, but to my knowledge, it's not really something that spreads, and it's not on any of the USDA lists. With dirt-colored leaves and leaf-colored flowers, it's not very obvious, but it's a nice little surprise when you happen to notice a patch. Good forage for deer.

Neutral smiln32 On Sep 4, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

This plant is a U.S. native and grows "wild" in TX, UT, MN, CA, AZ, CO, and OK.

Neutral htop On May 17, 2004, htop from San Antonio, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

I have not grown this plant.

This is a wildflower which is known in Texas as "greenleaf five eyes". It is also known as ground saracha and prostrate ground cherry (however, it is not a member of Physalis). It is classified as a subshrub. The plant grows in a variety of soils including sandy, loamy and heavy clay. The 1.5 to 12 inches long stems are prostrate to ascending. The simple, alternate, broadly lanceolate to rhombic leaves are 1 to 2.5 inches long and .2 to .8 inches wide. They are covered with a grayish pubescence and gradually taper to a narrow base. The leaf margins can be entire or cleft into narrow lobes.

The five lobed flowers which emerge singularly or in pairs from the leaf axils are hermaphrodite. The whitish to greenish-white corolla is about .5 inch across and has a .75 to 1 inch long pedicel . The lobes show a somewhat darker colored star design that radiates outward from the center and can be seen on the back of the lobes. It has five stamen and one pistil.

I could not locate much information on this plant. I found it while walking my dogs through a park dedicated to preserving native plants in San Antonio. Texas. It is listed as invasive, but there were only 3 plants at the location at which I observed them.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Austin, Texas
De Leon, Texas
San Antonio, Texas (2 reports)

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