Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Chinese Holly, Horned Holly
Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'

Family: Aquifoliaceae (a-kwee-foh-lee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Ilex (EYE-leks) (Info)
Species: cornuta (kor-NOO-tuh) (Info)
Cultivar: Burfordii


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)
15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring

Grown for foliage

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From woody stem cuttings
From softwood cuttings
From semi-hardwood cuttings
From hardwood cuttings
By air layering

Seed Collecting:
Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible

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Thumbnail #1 of Ilex cornuta by ginger749

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By DebinSC
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By ginger749
Thumbnail #7 of Ilex cornuta by ginger749

There are a total of 14 photos.
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2 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral oceanspraygarde On Jan 15, 2013, oceanspraygarde from North Saanich
Canada wrote:

Is this variety of holly considered invasive anywhere?

Positive dermoidhome On Apr 24, 2010, dermoidhome from Baton Rouge, LA wrote:

I inherited several 60+ year old plants when we purchased our home and one acre garden in Louisiana (8b). They are reaching toward the end of their lifespan and some have died and declined, but those we have pruned and fertilized are thriving and healthy in high shade and produce massive quantities of beautiful red berries for Christmas. In early spring, birds will strip the trees bare within a few days and within a couple of weeks new berries are on the way!

Positive PvillePlanter On Nov 8, 2004, PvillePlanter from Pflugerville, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

One of my favorite hedge shrubs. Neat, easy to prune and shape, attractive dark glossy everygreen leaves. Very hardy and low maintenance.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Wilmington, Delaware
Bartow, Florida
Inverness, Florida
Lecanto, Florida
Ocala, Florida
Clayton, Georgia
Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Pasadena, Maryland
Valley Lee, Maryland
Monticello, Mississippi
Waynesboro, Mississippi
Cary, North Carolina
Charlotte, North Carolina
Newport, North Carolina
Pinehurst, North Carolina
Summerville, South Carolina
Sumter, South Carolina
Abilene, Texas
Alice, Texas
Houston, Texas
Humble, Texas
Mc Kinney, Texas
Pflugerville, Texas

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