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PlantFiles: Diamond Leaf Oak, Swamp Laurel Oak, Darlington Oak
Quercus laurifolia

Family: Fagaceae (fag-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Quercus (KWER-kus) (Info)
Species: laurifolia (law-ree-FOH-lee-uh) (Info)

Synonym:Quercus hemisphaerica
Synonym:Quercus obtusa
Synonym:Quercus phellos var. laurifolia
Synonym:Quercus succulenta

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

4 members have or want this plant for trade.


over 40 ft. (12 m)

over 40 ft. (12 m)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Pollen may cause allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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1 positive
5 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral HL_Nursery777 On Jun 8, 2012, HL_Nursery777 from Dunnellon, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

Simi-Evergreen. Lifespan is normally no longer than 80 years in the wild, due to the fact that when it is not under human care, and it rots down the trunk from bad wounds in the past. Under a keen eye, this tree may live for a long time. It also makes a great wildlife tree. In the red oak family. I have acorns of this to trade. (Depends on season.) Grows Here in Central Florida, Zone 9a everywhere!

Neutral CindyDale On Jan 11, 2006, CindyDale from Saint Petersburg, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

It was a small tree in the yard planted by the previous owners when we moved here 10 years ago. It grew fast. I didn't know about the need to prune it down to one trunk so it will need to be bolted in about 20 years or so to keep it safe from heavy winds, according to an arborist who came here to take a look at it for me. It needs regular pruning to keep it out of the way of things and to thin it out to keep it safe from strong winds. It does give good shade on the south side of the house.

Positive xyris On Mar 16, 2005, xyris from Sebring, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Regarding hurricane damage, most of the uprooted oaks I have seen this year are the UPLAND laurel oak (Quercus hemisphaerica), which is often planted as a street and yard tree in central Florida. In irrigated yards they grow too fast, and get top-heavy, shallow-rooted and weak, as compared to the growth of the species in its native xeric hammock habitats.

However, I really like my swamp laurel oak, true Quercus laurifolia, growing at the edge of the yard in an area that has had standing water for at least four to six months in the past year. It survived the hurricanes (while the Quercus virginiana near it toppled), and has large (4 to 6 inch long, over 1 inch wide) light yellow-green new leaves this month.

Neutral NativePlantFan9 On Mar 1, 2005, NativePlantFan9 from Boca Raton, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

Laurel Oak, Diamondleaf Oak, Swamp Laurel or Darlington Oak (Quercus laurifolia) is native to swamps, bottomlands, and wet, moist sites in the southeastern United States from southeastern Virginia and parts of the Mid-Atlantic region south through Florida, westward into Texas (zones 6a to 10b). It provides food and shelter for wildlife. However, it is a very poor tree for wind tolerance. Many of these trees in central and northern (even in parts of southern Florida and probably in other states) fell during the 2004 hurricanes (Charley, Ivan, Jeanne and Frances). They often became entirely uprooted by winds as low even as around 50 to 70 mph. They can cause serious damage (and potential life threats) to property that way if they fall on a house or uproot a driveway or walkway. If planted, it needs to have a properly planned, safe position.

This oak is identified by it's light green, thin, pointed leaves.

Neutral TREEHUGR On Dec 24, 2004, TREEHUGR from Now in Orlando, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

This is nearly evergreen, at least in the southern part of it's range. The leaves are narrow and the acorns are small. It's one of the most common oaks planted in Florida, but it's not one of my favorites and I would say keep shopping.

It has a rounded mature shape with upright growth. Lots of small branches, yet not the best choice for shade.

Neutral Floridian On Oct 17, 2004, Floridian from Lutz, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Quercus laurifolia aka Laurel Oak, reaches heights to 100 feet. The wood is heavy, hard and coarse grained. It is a shorter lived tree than a live oak, rotting causes hollows in large trees that are used as shelter by wildlife.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Auburndale, Florida
Bartow, Florida
Dunnellon, Florida
Fort White, Florida
Kissimmee, Florida
Oldsmar, Florida
Pensacola, Florida
Port Saint Lucie, Florida
Saint Petersburg, Florida
Sebring, Florida
Winter Springs, Florida
Christiana, Tennessee
Knoxville, Tennessee

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