Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Golden Penda
Xanthostemon chrysanthus

Family: Myrtaceae (mir-TAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Xanthostemon (zan-tho-STEE-mon) (Info)
Species: chrysanthus (kris-ANTH-us) (Info)

One vendor has this plant for sale.

3 members have or want this plant for trade.


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From hardwood cuttings
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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2 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive selinastreet9 On Nov 4, 2013, selinastreet9 from Kajang
Malaysia wrote:

These there were planted to decorate roads by the housing developer of the housing estate that I am currently living in - Lowlands Malaysia. Temperatures are around 25C-35C with an annual rainfall of about 360".

They flower a few times a year, very pretty bright yellow flowers and unusual because they weren't local trees. The trees grow upright with little shade value, which is good because they do not obscure motorists' vision. If they can be pruned to be bushy, I would love to grow this as a standard. Can they? 'Have secateurs, will travel' to snip a cutting!

Neutral burung On May 7, 2007, burung from Keaau, HI wrote:

Just bought a small cutting at plant fair in Hilo, Hawaii.(Big Island). A local nursery in Pahoa is selling them. I will let you know how it fares. burung

Positive LouisianaSweetPea On Jun 23, 2004, LouisianaSweetPea from Mount Hermon, LA (Zone 8b) wrote:

At the end of March, 2004, I purchased a small Golden Penda tree. It is growing healthily in coastal Louisiana (Zone 9a).

This evergreen tree from Australia is supposed to be relatively new to the United States, and is known as 'junjum' among aboriginal Australians, who use its hardwood for swords, spear points and digging sticks.

The Golden Penda, as it is commonly known here, is a medium-sized rainforest tree which may reach 65 feet in its natural environment but is usually smaller in cultivation (anywhere from 15 to 35 feet have been suggested). It responds well to pruning and may be kept to small-tree or large-shrub proportions if pruned annually.

Leaves are lance-shaped. New leaves start out red, contrasting beautifully with the older, glossy green foliage.

The flowers occur in clusters near the ends of the branches and are bright yellow and very conspicuous. The stamens are the principal feature of the flowers (just like its relatives, the eucalypts, bottlebrushes, etc).

Flowering occurs in summer and autumn. In sub-tropical and tropical areas it flowers reliably and often within two to three years from seed. However, while it will grow in temperate areas, flowering is less reliable.

Likes a rich, well-drained soil and moist conditions, but Xanthestemon chrysanthus has been known to tolerate very dry soil and light frosts. It is growing well here in coastal Louisiana in Zone 9a, but it is very young and has not flowered yet.

Propagation is easy from fresh seed but germination may be slow. No special pre-treatment of seed is required. Cuttings are also successful using hardened, current season's growth.

No known significant problems have been recorded.

A variegated form is available but grows more slowly and produces less flowers than the original species.

I know of two other cultivars:

Xanthostemon verticillatus
Medium, open shrub with narrow leaves and off-white flowers.

Xanthostemon whitei (Red Penda)
Very large tree. New leaves are hairy. Yellow flowers are borne in clusters on ends of branches. Great tree for large properties.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

San Marino, California
Spring Valley, California
Mulberry, Florida
Hawaiian Paradise Park, Hawaii
Chalmette, Louisiana

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