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PlantFiles: Wild Carrot, Queen Anne's Lace
Daucus carota

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Family: Apiaceae (ay-pee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Daucus (DO-kus) (Info)
Species: carota (kar-OH-tuh) (Info)

Synonym:Daucus carota var. carota

» View all varieties of Carrots

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

34 members have or want this plant for trade.

Category:
Biennials

Height:
24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

Spacing:
9-12 in. (22-30 cm)

Hardiness:
USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Danger:
Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall

Foliage:
Herbaceous

Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:
Non-patented

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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There are a total of 48 photos.
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Profile:

16 positives
5 neutrals
9 negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

RatingAuthorContent
Positive ANTDOCTOR On Jun 7, 2014, ANTDOCTOR from Augusta, GA wrote:

I am surprised to see so many negative comments for Queen Anne's Lace. Unless you are one of those people who do nothing in your yard and expect miracles, then you will love Queen Anne's Lace. I bought a couple of plants several years ago and I now always have it in my garden. It is in with my day lilies and mums and does extremely well. I cut the flowers and bring them inside for beautiful arrangements. Everybody who visits my yard always comments on the beautiful Queen Anne's Lace. It does not hurt the other plants and is very easy to remove. I cut the pods and let them fall where they may. In the early spring, there may be some little plants in places where I don't want them, so I just dig them and their dirt out and plant them where I do want them. You are probably confusing Queen Anne's Lace for the look alike that is extremely invasive and gets seeds on you and everywhere else. Queen Anne is the lady she was named after. She would never do this. If this plant is invasive, then I would really hate to hear how a true invasive plant would rate, like evening Primrose or Kudzoo. I finally got rid of my primrose, but now I have them in a planter and they are doing well. I live in Augusta, Georgia.

Negative coriaceous On Mar 6, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This is not a native wildflower in North America. It's a biennial weed that's native to Europe. Queen Anne's lace causes a contact rash, a photodermatitis, in many people.

I've found that once a single plant has been allowed to go to seed, it's a lot of work to control the seedlings by hand-weeding. And that, if uncontrolled, they crowd out many of the plants I want to grow. Once it's seeded in, you'll never get rid of it.

If you're considering planting this in your garden, there are several other plants with its ornamental qualities but without its weediness:

Ammi majus (an annual)
Chaerophyllum hirsutum (perennial to Z6, the pink-flowered strains are even prettier)
Seseli gummiferum (perennial to Z5)
Selinum wallichianum (a perennial to Z6b, much more beautiful, does not enjoy the hot summers of the southeastern US)

Botanically, the weedy Queen Anne's lace is Daucus carota var carota. Carrots are Daucus carota var. sativa. The roots of Queen Anne's lace get woody before they get thick.

The USDA lists 4 states which have officially declared Queen Anne's lace a noxious weed, but it's considered a weed or invasive in at least 31 others.

Negative RCCWMA On Jan 21, 2014, RCCWMA from Little Canada, MN wrote:

This is not a native plant (wildflower) in the USA. It does come in a lot of "Prairie in a can" or "wildflower mixes", but don't believe it. As for eating it, unless you are a botanist or are well versed in identification of the Apiacea/Umbelliferae, do not eat it. There are too many members of this family that are toxic or deadly.
As for the Heracleum, touching some species may cause skin irritation, others, severe burns. Burns may appear days after exposure and cause purple scarring. H. mantegazzianum sap can cause permanent blindness if it gets into your eyes.
Always look up whether that interesting looking plant is invasive before planting it. Just type the name of the plant (common or scientific) and the work "invasive" into your web browser. Your local or state natural resources or agriculture department invasive speices experts will be able to tell you if your plant has become an invasive species in other areas (a good clue for whether you should plant it or not).
Thank you;
Ramsey County Cooperative Weed Managment Area, Minnesota

Positive Phellos On Aug 30, 2013, Phellos from Port Vincent, LA wrote:

I have always loved and tried to grow this plant. I brought some home from a roadside in a town just North of my home. It came up three years in a row, growing very slowly and dying back on occasion. The first year: no blooms. The second: several. This was the third year it finally came up. However, it stayed small and sickly and eventually died. It never self sowed in the area. At the same time, it came up everywhere in the town I got it and people mowed and used herbicide on it all year long. They never got more than a foot or so tall and would stay covered in blooms all year round, looking like cotton from a distance.

Negative greenneck On Aug 26, 2013, greenneck from Paoli, IN wrote:

Vendors sell this?
Who would pay money for a weed that can be found anywhere, everywhere?

Positive gardenaddict1 On Jul 4, 2010, gardenaddict1 from Protem, MO (Zone 6b) wrote:

My mother loves the flower and even presses them we allow several to grow and often they can grow 4-5 feet here. I find that beneficial insects love it but it is considered invasive so check if there are restrictions to growing it in your area. As far as the burrs... some may be mistaking hemlock or water hemlock for Queen Anne's Lace which not only has tenacious burrs but is also poisonous. Queen Anne's Lace is edible and has a flavor similar to carrot but don't try it unless you are 100% sure of its identification. the seed head of Queen Anne's Lace also forms a cup looking somewhat like a bird's nest whereas the hemlock is more open.

Positive Sunflower1888 On May 3, 2010, Sunflower1888 from Manassas, VA wrote:

I am confused about the reports of burrs. I have this wildflower in my garden and I have never encountered burrs on the plant.

My Queenies come back every year with varying success. One season I had a plant by the mail box as tall as I am.
They make beautiful cut arrangements and are long lasting when cut.

Legend has it that Queen Anne pricked herself while making lace. Her blood droplets account for the dark purple petals at the center of each bloom. Look closely and you will see them.

They will not survive transplanting so if you have them sprouting where they are unwelcome just pull them up.

Positive mjab17 On Jul 18, 2009, mjab17 from North Billerica, MA wrote:

very nice plant to grow.. you never even have to touch it and it will bloom nicely in cracks between your perannuals. if you don't like it somewhere and have nice garden soil its a lot easier to pull it up in its first year when it first sprouts... its also very easy to idenifie .. unless its growing your carrots. it also has a nice fragrance..

Positive holeth On May 17, 2009, holeth from Corpus Christi, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Although it's obviously a weed, it's so ubiquitous that minor cultivation is no longer significant. A specimen or two for cut flowers can be likened to a neighbor with dandelions in their lawn, while there are highways and ballfields full of yellow blossoms and fluffy white puffballs. (Believe it or not, those dandelions are better for our health than rivers and streams [and therefore somebody's drinking water] full of broad-leaf herbicides.)

Although many invasives respond to management, some are beyond the point of no return. (Can you stop the wind or the birds from spreading seeds?) They're effectively part of the ecosystem now. Pandora's box is open. Ya can't put them back. What you can do is plant natives to create habitat for wildlife, and prevent new nonnative invasives from getting loose. :-)

Ahem, that said, Queen Anne's Lace is a beautiful biennial which is easily dead-headed before ripened. It is a host species to the Black Swallowtail butterfly, and perhaps one of the reasons that's one of the few common large butterflies left.

Queen Anne's Lace is truly Wild Carrot: same genus & species. Therefore, they can be harvested and cleaned for wilderness survival, provided that they are growing far from highways and industrial areas. They thrive in ecotone/edge habitats as well as shortgrass and rocky areas, and spread rapidly in disturbances. They do not thrive in forests or tallgrass prairies where there is too much shade.

They are extremely hardy, tolerating droughts, freezes, and herbivory. Perhaps some of these traits should be bred back into our food crop carrots. ;-)

Negative Kendalia On Nov 8, 2008, Kendalia from Kendalia, TX wrote:

Whatever merits this plant may have, they don't compensate for the seeds that cling to everything. They are really hard to remove from hair or clothing. Also, this plant spreads and grows thickly.

Negative buggycrazy On Aug 16, 2008, buggycrazy from Lebanon, OR (Zone 7b) wrote:

An introduced pest to the US and considered a noxious weed in many states-meaning it is illegal to ship plants or seed of this pest into that state. The other states have just given up. Classified as a Biennial, it is an ANNUAL here in western Oregon, it is resistant to all pre-emergent herbicides I have tried-meaning NOTHING stops it from germinating, and it blooms and seeds in one season. Mowing doesn't control it except in a turf situation, it just reblooms at a lower height and seeds anyway. Plants form a deep taproot and are very hard to pull or hoe out. Seeds stick to anything and everything so are easily spread, seed heads are very flammable so are a fire hazard here in the west where we get no summer rain. The honey produced from this pest is unfit for human consumption and causes losses in the bee industry. Yes it is pretty, there are many pink forms of it here infesting my fields, but it is far more trouble than it is worth looking at..

Neutral tashmoore On Jun 28, 2008, tashmoore from Fort George G Meade, MD wrote:

this grew as a weed/wildflower where I grew up. I didn't really consiter it invasive as it seemed to go away if you mowed it too much (probably from cutting the flowers before they could go to seed).

You can also make a yellow dye from them.

Negative distantkin On Nov 3, 2007, distantkin from Saint Cloud, MN (Zone 4b) wrote:

On Minnesota DNR invasive list. From the website...
Ecological Threat:
It invades disturbed dry prairies, abandoned fields, waste places, and road sides. It is a threat to recovering grasslands and can be persistent on clay soils.
A native of Europe and Asia it now occurs throughout the U.S.
It tends to decline as native grasses and herbaceous plants become established.
Queen Ann's lace is on the MDA Secondary noxious weeds list in Minnesota.

Neutral renatelynne On Jun 7, 2007, renatelynne from Boerne new zone 30, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

The one I have growing all over has the barbs that take forever to get out of my dogs coat... on the other hand... the butterflies and cats love it.

I usually pick all I can and throw it away. There is plenty left between the birds and what I can't get to for the butterflies and cats.

Positive WUVIE On Feb 15, 2007, WUVIE from Hulbert, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Years ago I found QAL growing in a small area near our home. Apparently it was a gift from a bird. I gathered the seeds and tossed them about. The following year I had even more of them,
and the next year as well. I am currently attempting to get it to spread down a ditch so as to fight the weeds.

To keep it under control where I do not wish it to grow, I simply mow over it.

The fun thing about QAL is to gather a bouquet of it in the summer, then place the cuttings into a glass of food coloring. The blooms will absorb and display the color. Very fun!

KM

Neutral Magpye On Sep 2, 2006, Magpye from NW Qtr, AR (Zone 6a) wrote:

Wild Carrot, Queen Annes Lace (Daucus carota)

The tiny flowers are in tight umbels, white or occasionally tinged with pink. The central floret is purple in the mature umbel. The umbel is first concave, then flat and finally convex. As it fades, it curls into a tight bird nest shape. Three pronged bracts are found below the flower heads. Basal leaves are formed the first year, flower stalks the second year (biennial). A branching plant with a large tap-root and finely divided leaves, and is an ancestor of the cultivated carrot.

Neutral evolnaej On Oct 15, 2005, evolnaej from Austin, TX wrote:

Are we talking about the same plant when we talk about Queen Anne's Lace? It sounds to me like some of us are referring to what we call Beggar's Lice or Beggar's ticks here in Texas. This twiggy "noxious weed" grows profusely by the roadsides, etc. and makes seeds that stick to everything like lice. The flower head of this plant is barely 2 inches in diameter. Then some of us are talking about that beautiful 6-inch flowerhead that appears in bouquets and has the Latin name Daucus carota. This flowerhead has a large, hollow stem several feet long. I want to grow Daucus carota/Queen Anne's Lace in my garden, and I am looking for seeds, but I sure don't need beggar's lice seeds. It would be good to know how to ask for one, but not the other.

Negative Equilibrium On Aug 16, 2005, Equilibrium wrote:

Noxious weed in more than 35 states. Those who prefer to refer to this plant as a wildflower may not know the difference between a plant that is native that belongs on the continent of North America and one that is introduced that has naturalized and displaced actual native wildflowers. A nice alternative which is exceedingly more beautiful and stately would be Heracleum lanatum.

Negative stephpaige On May 5, 2005, stephpaige from The Colony, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

BEWARE: DO NOT PLANT THIS UNLESS YOU CAN KEEP THIS UNDER CONTROL!

Although the flowers are pretty this weed has become my worst nightmare. After buying my first house last summer in TX, I was incredibly excited about my first spring and all that I would do in the yard and putting in a new vegetable garden. Unfortunately I spent almost all of March and April pulling this monster from my yard!

Yes, it is a biennial, which is probably why I didn't notice much of it last summer, but OMG nothing will get rid of this stuff except pulling or using RoundUp on it, which of course is not the best thing to do for lawns. So, everyday I would get my little grocery bag and go sit in the yard pulling large clumps of it out. I bet I have filled over 30 bags in the past 2 months and I'm no where near finished! The trick is to gather it up like a pony tail and pull it up.

It will also inhibit your grass from growing in those areas because it's like an umbrella that pushes everything out of its way and blocks the light. I have huge bare patches in the yard now from where it was pulled. My only saving grace is that I have St. Augustine and it will fill in. What a mess!

Positive Breezymeadow On May 5, 2005, Breezymeadow from Culpeper, VA (Zone 7a) wrote:

I adore Queen Anne's Lace - it is definitely one of my favorite wildflowers. I let several fields on my property go ungroomed for wildlife, & am able to gather armloads of this airy flower for bouquets for most of the summer. And as someone else stated, it is an attractor of beneficial insects.

Positive desertqueen On May 4, 2005, desertqueen from Dallas area, TX (Zone 7b) wrote:

Queen Anne's Lace is in the Umbelliferae plant family (carrot family) and is a food source for beneficial insects. Keep Queen Anne's Lace in your garden, it will attract beneficial insects. The beneficial's will gobble up all the pesky insects and do the work for you! Plants in the Umbelliferae family are known to attract those helpful insects. Queen Anne's Lace is a gardener's friend.

Neutral imway2dumb On Sep 29, 2004, imway2dumb from Gordonville, TX (Zone 7b) wrote:

It produces a bazillion seeds that cling to everything and are difficult to remove from my socks! DW likes them in flower arrangements. It is a noxious weed to me!

Positive melody On Jun 13, 2004, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

Although it spreads like wildfire, I enjoy Queen Anne's Lace everywhere I see it. I've never seen it so thick that it crowds out other plants, instead, it's a lovely addition to a wildflower meadow and along roadsides.

It does set an amazing number of seeds, but if you want to control it, simply snip off the blossoms after they fade, but before the seed matures.

A mature seed head will close up upon itself and turn a brownish color. This gives it one of it's other common name's, Bird's Nest Plant.

Positive foodiesleuth On Jun 3, 2004, foodiesleuth from Honomu, HI (Zone 11) wrote:

I wish I could grow Queen Anne's Lace in Hawaii. When I lived in SC I would go and collect them from the sides of the road to use in arrangements with other flowers. I planted some in my yard, but it never did much.

One of the lovelies of the wild flowers.

If anyone considers them invasive they don't know what invasive really is......

Positive wilbur533 On Jun 2, 2004, wilbur533 from Sedro Woolley, WA wrote:

Last year one grew in my greenhouse. It got started in the raised bed where I had some ginger root from the grocery store planted.I let it grow. I thought it was Ginger Root. I thought the store people had sold me a type of Ginger Root that didn't look like the pictures in the plant books. Nine feet tall and six feet wide. WHAT A PRETTY PLANT!!!
Now they are 6 inches tall from the cracks in the sidewalk to roof height in good soil. About 50 of them. Very pretty, v
ery invasive.
Sedro Woolley, Washington

Positive frostweed On Mar 5, 2004, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

I find Queen Anne,s lace to be a lovely flower and also very reliable.
No need to baby this one. It does set seed profusely. If you don't want much of it, just remove the seedheads before they mature but leave some for next year. It is a biennial

Positive mlucas On Aug 23, 2003, mlucas from Central Lake, MI wrote:

I live in Northern Michigan and Queen Anne's Lace is in abundance. It can be used as a home remedy in tea or as
a poltice or eaten in salads. It can be toxic in large qunities. Lots of sites world wide. Go to askjeeves.com and type in daucus carota in search box. It also has hallucinogenic properties in the seeds

Positive PaisleyPat On Aug 13, 2003, PaisleyPat from Minneapolis, MN wrote:

Queen Anne's Lace is a lovely wildflower to which I have donated 20 square feet in my garden. I make bouquets of daisys, lillies, roses, Iris, glads, and more thru the summer and they are all more beautiful with lots of Queen Anne's Lace to set them off. I have never lost a plant to this lovely flower.

Positive davecwik On Aug 12, 2003, davecwik from Smiths Creek, MI wrote:

many in those 35 states prefer to call it a wildflower

Negative smiln32 On Aug 26, 2002, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Considered a noxious weed in at least 35 states.

Regional...

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

, (2 reports)
Chandler, Arizona
Deer, Arkansas
Lamar, Arkansas
Garberville, California
Augusta, Georgia
Cordele, Georgia
Cornelia, Georgia
Thomasville, Georgia
Anna, Illinois
Jacksonville, Illinois
Bremen, Indiana
Macy, Indiana
Tipton, Indiana
Benton, Kentucky
Ewing, Kentucky
Harned, Kentucky
Hi Hat, Kentucky
Melbourne, Kentucky
Zachary, Louisiana
Lisbon, Maine
Brookeville, Maryland
Cumberland, Maryland
Glyndon, Maryland
Oakland, Maryland
Valley Lee, Maryland
Bridgewater, Massachusetts
Halifax, Massachusetts
Milton, Massachusetts
North Billerica, Massachusetts
Upton, Massachusetts
Worcester, Massachusetts
Bellaire, Michigan
Central Lake, Michigan
Erie, Michigan
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Saint Cloud, Minnesota
Mathiston, Mississippi
Cole Camp, Missouri
Joplin, Missouri
Piedmont, Missouri
Protem, Missouri
Eagle, Nebraska
Greenville, New Hampshire
Himrod, New York
Franklinton, North Carolina
Henderson, North Carolina
Norlina, North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina
Ridgeway, North Carolina
Rowland, North Carolina
Youngsville, North Carolina
Galena, Ohio
Glouster, Ohio
Vinton, Ohio
Hulbert, Oklahoma
Blodgett, Oregon
Lebanon, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
Greencastle, Pennsylvania
Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania
Millersburg, Pennsylvania
Pottstown, Pennsylvania
Valencia, Pennsylvania
Walnutport, Pennsylvania
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
Columbia, South Carolina
Prosperity, South Carolina
Rock Hill, South Carolina
Benton, Tennessee
Clarksville, Tennessee
Crossville, Tennessee
Dickson, Tennessee
Hendersonville, Tennessee
Knoxville, Tennessee
Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Arlington, Texas
Boerne, Texas
Carrollton, Texas
Dallas, Texas
Del Valle, Texas
Kendalia, Texas
Plano, Texas
San Antonio, Texas
Ogden, Utah
Leesburg, Virginia
Manassas, Virginia
Norfolk, Virginia
Spotsylvania, Virginia
Springfield, Virginia
Grand Mound, Washington
Kalama, Washington
Puyallup, Washington
Liberty, West Virginia
Milwaukee, Wisconsin



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