Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Bird's Foot Trefoil, Baby's Slippers, Bacon and Eggs
Lotus corniculatus

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Family: Papilionaceae (pa-pil-ee-uh-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Lotus (LO-tus) (Info)
Species: corniculatus (korn-ee-ku-LAY-tus) (Info)

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

6 members have or want this plant for trade.

Category:
Perennials

Height:
6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

Spacing:
9-12 in. (22-30 cm)

Hardiness:
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Danger:
All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
Red-Orange
Gold (Yellow-Orange)
Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall

Foliage:
Herbaceous
Smooth-Textured
Velvet/Fuzzy-Textured

Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

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By Baa
Thumbnail #1 of Lotus corniculatus by Baa

By kennedyh
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There are a total of 21 photos.
Click here to view them all!

Profile:

4 positives
3 neutrals
2 negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

RatingAuthorContent
Positive carpathiangirl On Jul 29, 2010, carpathiangirl from Akron, OH (Zone 5a) wrote:

Produces it's own nitrogen and often called a 'green manure', great forage source rated higher than alfalfa. Not to mention the bees and other beneficial insects love it. I have it growing in my lawn and love the bright flowers and lush foliage in spring to mid summer. Yes, it's moderately invasive so plant it where you can let it be.

Positive nicholtammy On Jul 4, 2010, nicholtammy from Huntsville
Canada wrote:

It grows better in my lawn than the grass does and stays shortish I have a lawn with no shade at all and mostly sand. I have read that this plant may be poisonous.

Negative Laurette6669 On Jan 18, 2010, Laurette6669 from (Hanmer) Sudbury, ON (Zone 4a) wrote:

I planted this in the front of my flower bed, expecting it to stay low to the ground.....it did NOT....infact, it attempted to take over the entire flower bed....tried cutting it back some bu,t it still went rampent..needless to say, I yanked it all out.....very fast growing....blooms nice flowers......

Negative distantkin On Nov 3, 2007, distantkin from Saint Cloud, MN (Zone 4b) wrote:

Considered invasive by the MN DNR
From their website....
"Ecological Threat:
Birdsfoot trefoil forms dense mats choking and shading out most other vegetation.
It grows best in the Midwest and is most problematic in prairies and disturbed open areas, such as roadsides.
Prescribed burns increase seed germination making it troublesome in native prairies.
This European species has been introduced to the U.S. and Canada for livestock forage and erosion control along roadsides. It is still sold commercially. "

Positive Buttoneer On Jun 17, 2006, Buttoneer from Carlisle, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

I just dug up a part of this plant growing by the side of the road. I am putting it in my garden because it's beautiful & seems to be hardy to PA.

Neutral kbaumle On Jul 7, 2005, kbaumle from Northwest, OH (Zone 5b) wrote:

This is in bloom EVERYWHERE here now. It attracts attention by the side of the road, and we see it when we go bike riding. I want to dig up a cluster of it for my Ohio wildflower garden.

Positive Kim_M On Oct 13, 2004, Kim_M from Hamburg, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

I grew this from seed this year. Each one of my plants are currently 3 feet wide. It didn't flower much or produce seeds. So hopefully more flowers next season.

Neutral kennedyh On Mar 23, 2003, kennedyh from Churchill, Victoria
Australia (Zone 10a) wrote:

The name Birdsfoot Trefoil for this plant is because the group of seed pods can resemble a birds foot. Although the flowers occur in groups of about 7, not all develop seed pods and there are frequently three slender pods joined at their base, resembling a bird's foot, with three long toes.

Neutral Baa On Jul 18, 2002, Baa wrote:

A creeping perennial from Europe.

Has lance shaped, hairy or hairless, mid-dark green leaflets borne in 5s, the upper 3 leaflets are separated from the lower 2 by short stems. Bears small, pea shaped, yellow to reddish yellow flowers which become darker with age. The seed pods are shiny, lance shaped and black when ripe.

Flowers April - September

Likes a well drained soil in full sun.

This chap can become invasive and will escape into the wild from the garden, so be careful of introducing it to the garden especially where no other L. corniculatus are present.

Regional...

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

, (2 reports)
Scotia, California
Derby, Kansas
Cumberland, Maryland
Oakland, Maryland
Halifax, Massachusetts
Erie, Michigan
Unionville, Michigan
Isle, Minnesota
Saint Paul, Minnesota
Elizabeth City, North Carolina
Akron, Ohio
Glouster, Ohio
Haviland, Ohio
Hilliard, Ohio
Bartlesville, Oklahoma
Salem, Oregon
Millersburg, Pennsylvania
Norwich, Vermont
Kalama, Washington



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