Velvet mesquite, Native mesquite, Arizona mesquite

Prosopis velutina

Family: Mimosaceae
Genus: Prosopis (PROS-oh-pis) (Info)
Species: velutina (vel-oo-TEE-nuh) (Info)

Category:

Shrubs

Trees

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us

Height:

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

Spacing:

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Danger:

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Pale Yellow

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Foliage:

Deciduous

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

Scarify seed before sowing

Seed Collecting:

Collect seedhead/pod when flowers fade; allow to dry

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Cave Creek, Arizona

Clarkdale, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona

Sierra Vista, Arizona

Tucson, Arizona (2 reports)

Canoga Park, California

Santa Ana, California

Albuquerque, New Mexico

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

0
positives
0
neutrals
1
negative
RatingContent
Negative

On Feb 23, 2016, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This species generates much airborne pollen and is a moderate allergen.

In Texas, where it's native, ranchers despise mesquite and spend much money and effort in generally unsuccessful efforts to control it. Under grazing pressure, it outcompetes the grasses and forms extensive, impenetrable monocultures. Its weediness is attributed to human fire control efforts, overgrazing, and prairie dog eradication.

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