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Scarlet Clematis, Texas Clematis, Leatherflower, Texas Leatherflower, Pipe-vine

Clematis texensis

Family: Ranunculaceae (ra-nun-kew-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Clematis (KLEM-uh-tiss) (Info)
Species: texensis (teck-SEN-sis) (Info)
» View all varieties of Clematis
View this plant in a garden




4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Bloom Color:


Scarlet (Dark Red)


Flower Fragrance:

No fragrance

Bloom Shape:



Bloom Diameter:

Small - less than 2 inches (5 cm)

Bloom Time:

Late Summer/Early Fall

Mid Fall

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us


Unknown - Tell us

Pruning Groups:

Group 3 - Summer/Fall bloomers; prune hard in early spring

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us

Foliage Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Saint Paul, Minnesota

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Austin, Texas

Breckenridge, Texas

Copperas Cove, Texas

De Leon, Texas

Fate, Texas

Killeen, Texas

Red Oak, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Saint Albans, Vermont

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 21, 2009, eatmyplants from Comanche county, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

I was pleasantly surprised when I found this beautful flower growing in two different creek bottoms near De Leon, Texas. I mistakenly made a post in a similar hybrid variety on this site and am now correcting myself. See my photos of the plant from 2007.


On Aug 14, 2005, grikdog from St. Paul, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

This is a beautiful and graceful plant. I love it and the hummingbirds love it.


On May 27, 2003, Lavanda from Mcallen, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

This beautiful plant is a Texas native, and is only native (wild) to the Texas Hill Country.

It has beautiful red closed-cup (sort of) blooms. They remind me of a red oval balloon with puckered lips, ready to give you a big smacking kiss.(Or like the plant in the movie Little Shop of Horrors).

It completely dies back in winter and re-emerges each spring. Then it begins blooming in late February thru mid-summer, and goes to seed in the fall making pretty fuzzy seed pods, useful for crafting.


On Aug 7, 2001, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

A native, drought-tolerant clematis, the flowers on this species do not open wide like many modern cultivars. Displays better density than most clematis; has grayish green leaves. Plant produces flowers on new growth so prune in late spring