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PlantFiles: Scarlet Clematis, Texas Clematis, Leatherflower, Texas Leatherflower, Pipe-vine
Clematis texensis

Family: Ranunculaceae (ra-nun-kew-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Clematis (KLEM-uh-tiss) (Info)
Species: texensis (teck-SEN-sis) (Info)

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4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Bloom Color:
Scarlet (Dark Red)

Flower Fragrance:
No fragrance

Bloom Shape:

Bloom Diameter:
Small - less than 2 inches (5 cm)

Bloom Time:
Late Summer/Early Fall
Mid Fall

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Unknown - Tell us

Pruning Groups:
Group 3 - Summer/Fall bloomers; prune hard in early spring

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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3 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive eatmyplants On Mar 21, 2009, eatmyplants from Comanche county, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

I was pleasantly surprised when I found this beautful flower growing in two different creek bottoms near De Leon, Texas. I mistakenly made a post in a similar hybrid variety on this site and am now correcting myself. See my photos of the plant from 2007.

Positive grikdog On Aug 14, 2005, grikdog from St. Paul, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

This is a beautiful and graceful plant. I love it and the hummingbirds love it.

Positive Lavanda On May 27, 2003, Lavanda from Mcallen, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

This beautiful plant is a Texas native, and is only native (wild) to the Texas Hill Country.

It has beautiful red closed-cup (sort of) blooms. They remind me of a red oval balloon with puckered lips, ready to give you a big smacking kiss.(Or like the plant in the movie Little Shop of Horrors).

It completely dies back in winter and re-emerges each spring. Then it begins blooming in late February thru mid-summer, and goes to seed in the fall making pretty fuzzy seed pods, useful for crafting.

Neutral Terry On Aug 7, 2001, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

A native, drought-tolerant clematis, the flowers on this species do not open wide like many modern cultivars. Displays better density than most clematis; has grayish green leaves. Plant produces flowers on new growth so prune in late spring


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Minneapolis, Minnesota
Saint Paul, Minnesota
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
Austin, Texas
Breckenridge, Texas
Copperas Cove, Texas
De Leon, Texas
Fate, Texas
Killeen, Texas
Red Oak, Texas
San Antonio, Texas
Saint Albans, Vermont

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