Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Mangrove Spider Lily, Perfumed Spider Lily, Spider Lily
Hymenocallis latifolia

Family: Amaryllidaceae (am-uh-ril-id-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Hymenocallis (hy-men-oh-KAL-is) (Info)
Species: latifolia (lat-ee-FOH-lee-uh) (Info)

One vendor has this plant for sale.

11 members have or want this plant for trade.

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)
36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

3-6 in. (7-15 cm)
6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer


Other details:
Flowers are fragrant

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From bulbils

Seed Collecting:
Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible

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There are a total of 14 photos.
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6 positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral olddude On May 11, 2010, olddude from Big Pine Key, FL (Zone 11) wrote:

Hymenocallis latifolia (Mill.) M. Roem.

HYCA17 Hymenocallis caymanensis Herbert
HYCO11 Hymenocallis collieri Small
HYKE Hymenocallis keyensis Small
HYKI Hymenocallis kimballiae Small
PALA21 Pancratium latifolium Mill.

Positive Sunnycharacter On Aug 27, 2009, Sunnycharacter from Washburn, MO wrote:

Visiting my daughter in Falfurrias, Texas, way south, we dug up some of these fragrant beauties and planted a few at home in SW Missouri. Don't know about cold-heartiness so I'll be digging up and potting in our sunroom over wintertime. After just one month in a pot, from bulb, my spider lily (Charlotte is what I call her) is blooming nicely already! The ones in the ground have not yet bloomed, but expect them to. They smell like lemon butter cookies!

Positive MusaRojo On Jul 14, 2009, MusaRojo wrote:

My father gathered these from wild populations growing on islands in San Carlos Bay in Lee County Florida and planted them in our yard during my childhood in Fort Myers. They reproduce both by production of underground bulbs and by aerial bulbs that appear on the flower stalks after the flowers fade. They are beautiful, tough, low maintenance plants under tropical conditions that can be counted on for an impressive display of flowers during the summer, and an occasional stalk of blooms during the rest of the year. They are enthusiastic growers, so they should not be planted in close proximity to less vigorous plants. They will gradually spread outward from where they are planted, but do not pop up far away from their original planting site.

Positive seatick On Jul 14, 2009, seatick from Fruitland Park, FL wrote:

We just returned from a visit to Naples, Florida, where we were given some of these by a friend who had them growing in their yard. We saw these growing on the Gulf side of the barrier islands in the white sand, taking the full brunt of everything the Gulf area had to offer: salt spray, wind, full sun all day, torrential rains, etc. The plants were in full bloom and also appeared to set seeds. Very interesting to see them growing in such a "challenging" situation!!

Positive jadiegirl On Jun 6, 2008, jadiegirl from Anacoco, LA wrote:

Recently relocated to Piney Woods East Texas area. These plants were at this house - bloomed today - so now I know what they are. They're in full sun, gorgeous folliage too. Don't know where she got them but I'll be doing more research on them and will post info if I learn (by experience) any more.

Positive Kurt5 On Mar 10, 2008, Kurt5 from Harrisonburg, VA wrote:

We had lots of these growing in our yard in Fort Worth, Tx (zone 7). Brought some with us here to Virginia (6b), and they come back every year. Very beautiful and unusual flowers. Blooms don't last very long here, but they really add a nice tropical feel.

Neutral rookieplanter On Mar 5, 2008, rookieplanter from Columbia, SC wrote:

I have not grown this plant, but it grows along the Savannah river near Augusta, GA and North Augusta, SC. It also grows on the Saluda, Congaree, and Broad Rivers in Columbia, SC. This plant is an endangered species here. Healthy numbers of this plant in the wild can be seen among the islands in the three rivers previously mention in Columbia. It is obviously against the law to take them from their natural habitat.

Positive NativePlantFan9 On Jan 19, 2005, NativePlantFan9 from Boca Raton, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

This great, hardy native Spider Lily is native to beach dunes and coastal habitats and the coastal hammocks and mangrove swamp edges and swampy areas of central and southern Florida and the Keys (zones 9a through 11). In Florida, it is found from Brevard County on the east coast and Pinellas and Hillsborough counties on the west coast south through the Keys. The flowers are strongly, sweetly fragrant and are white. This plant is often used in native plant landscaping in central and southern Florida and is sold in many nurseries, especially native plant specialty stores. The leaves are oblong, up to 4 feet long, and thickish and leathery, which helps it survive in salty situations. A superb native plant for central and southern Florida and the Keys, it is a great plant for landscaping along the side or in the back or front yards of a home. It usually needs a lot of sun, though. It can withstand shade down to around medium shade, however, and is adaptable. The flowers often attract some pollinating insects as well. The leaves and flower stalks often can get up to several feet tall, up to around 5 feet high. This plant is also great as a native Florida plant for coastal situations, as it is highly salt-tolerant. Overall, a great alternative to non-natives in the southeast and southwest Florida landscape!

MORE FACTS - Found in/or grows wild in Brevard, Indian River, St. Lucie, Martin, Palm Beach, Broward, Miami-Dade, Monroe, Collier, Lee, Charlotte, Sarasota, Manatee, Hillsborough and Pinellas counties (zones: 9a through 11).


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Elberta, Alabama
Tucson, Arizona
Los Angeles, California
Villa Park, California
Alford, Florida
Big Pine Key, Florida
Boca Raton, Florida
Cape Coral, Florida
Dunnellon, Florida
Parrish, Florida
Pompano Beach, Florida
Vero Beach, Florida
Atlanta, Georgia
Savannah, Georgia
Chicago, Illinois
Baton Rouge, Louisiana (2 reports)
Lake Charles, Louisiana
Washburn, Missouri
Apex, North Carolina
Elizabeth City, North Carolina
Liberty, North Carolina
Columbia, South Carolina
Canyon Lake, Texas
Paige, Texas
Rowlett, Texas
San Antonio, Texas
Tyler, Texas
Van, Texas
Harrisonburg, Virginia
Kalama, Washington

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