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PlantFiles: Cucumber
Cucumis sativus 'Early Russian'

Family: Cucurbitaceae (koo-ker-bih-TAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Cucumis (KOO-koo-mis) (Info)
Species: sativus (sa-TEE-vus) (Info)
Cultivar: Early Russian
Additional cultivar information: (aka Borowskian, Early Russian Gherkin, Extra Early Russian, Improved Early Russian, Murom)

» View all varieties of Cucumbers

One vendor has this plant for sale.

2 members have or want this plant for trade.

Vines and Climbers

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

Seed Type:
Unknown - Tell us

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Bloom Color:
Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Blooms repeatedly

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds

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to view:

By rebecca101
Thumbnail #1 of Cucumis sativus by rebecca101


2 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive elsutor On May 19, 2014, elsutor from Penn Hills, PA wrote:

Perfect for pickles. I have grown this for a few years, although last year it was attacked by cucumber beetles before it could produce anything, and died of wilt. I will try it again this year in a different spot and with more protection, because it is absolutely delicious. The flavor, texture, growth habit, and productivity are all exactly what one would want from the perfect cucumber plant, this variety just seems quite susceptible to sickness.

Positive rebecca101 On Mar 15, 2008, rebecca101 from Madison, WI (Zone 5a) wrote:

This cucumber can only be described as insanely productive. At one point I was harvesting a quart or more every day from just two plants. I would pick absolutely every cucumber I could see on the plant - and the next day there would be a ton more that appeared out of nowhere. They seemed capable of growing entire cucumbers overnight. Definitely a good cuke for pickling. Good only when small - quality declined when they got medium sized. Unfortunately they got wilt and died in August, but they stuck it out about a week longer than my other varieties of cucumber which also succumbed. About 60 days from seed for me (listed as 52).

Neutral Farmerdill On Aug 13, 2004, Farmerdill from Augusta, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

Available from Seeds of Change which describes it thusly: "First offered in 1888, this pickler starts producing early and keeps going until autumn frosts. Mild and never bitter, these stocky, medium-green fruits are perfect for the short seasons you'd imagine in Russia. A time-tested favorite at our research farms."


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Kernersville, North Carolina
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Madison, Wisconsin

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