Toad Lily 'Samurai'

Tricyrtis formosana

Family: Liliaceae (lil-ee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Tricyrtis (try-SER-tis) (Info)
Species: formosana (for-MOH-sa-nuh) (Info)
Cultivar: Samurai



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are good for cutting

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Suitable for growing in containers


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)


USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Partial to Full Shade

Full Shade


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:



Bloom Time:

Late Summer/Early Fall




Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Atlanta, Georgia

Gainesville, Georgia

Independence, Louisiana

Gaithersburg, Maryland

Dearborn Heights, Michigan

Detroit, Michigan

Temperance, Michigan

Cincinnati, Ohio

Greenville, South Carolina

Kalama, Washington

Ocean Shores, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Sep 1, 2011, ms_greenjeans from Hopkins, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

I've had great success with Blue Wonder toad lilies in zone 4a, so I'm now trying this variety. The blooms are lovely and I like the variegated leaves. I'll change the rating to positive if it survives the coming Minnesota winter.


On Jun 24, 2009, pieohmy from Independence, LA (Zone 8b) wrote:

I've had this plant for several years now and still love it. It does not spread as quickly as regular toad lillies and does not get as tall but I still favor it. Its a nice plant for shady areas since it is varigated. It slowly clumps and is a great plant for sharing with others. Just pull up a piece and put it in dirt to propagate. I starts blooming in late summer but is blooming early this year because of the early heat wave. It dies back a little in winter and gets frost damage but rebounds quickly in the spring.


On Nov 8, 2007, Fairy1004 from (bestest fairy)Temperance, MI (Zone 5b) wrote:

Mine has been a prolific bloomer and this is the only var. I have that produces seeds. I posted a picture of the seeds. Just as beautiful as alll toad lilies....


On Aug 16, 2005, sterhill from Atlanta, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:

Atlanta - Easily grown from seed. I started with one plant, collected the seed in the fall and now have many. Some in shade and some in sun/shade. All are doing well. I have one planted where it gets almost no sun - and is in poor soil - that has not bloomed and needs to be moved. A really beautiful plant.