Hardiness: USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 °C (-40 °F) USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 °C (-35 °F) USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 °C (-30 °F) USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F) USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F) USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F) USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F) USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F) USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F) USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F)
Sun Exposure: Full Sun
Danger: All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Bloom Color: Red Orange Bright Yellow Maroon (Purple-Brown)
Bloom Time: Late Summer/Early Fall Mid Fall
Other details: This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Soil pH requirements: 6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic) 6.6 to 7.5 (neutral) 7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
Patent Information: Non-patented
Propagation Methods: By dividing the rootball
Seed Collecting: Collect seedhead/pod when flowers fade; allow to dry
On Oct 16, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:
Becoming more commonly planted in gardens - I just saw a wild patch at O'Brien State Park in Minnesota - it is a single plant that was somewhat beaten up because it was on the edge of a path - it is growing in some grasses near a stream which means that it like wet areas. Can be id by its 3 dents in each petals - not too many other daisies have that.
I grew these from seed started as transplants this spring, and I'm amazed at how large and lovely they are blooming in their first year! They take over at just about the time rudbeckia are fading fast.
On Jan 17, 2005, JodyC from Palmyra, IL (Zone 5b) wrote:
Probably the most common visitors to the flowers are long-tongued bees, including honeybees, bumblebees, Miner bees, and large Leaf-Cutting bees. Other visitors include wasps, butterflies, bee flies, and beetles. These insects seek nectar or collect pollen, although some beetles eat the pollen. The caterpillars of Papaipema rigida (Rigid Sunflower Borer Moth) bore through the stems and eat the pith. Mammalian herbivores usually don't feed on this plant because the foliage is toxic and bitter. There have been reports of severe poisoning for livestock that have consumed this plant, which produces such symptoms as congestion of the kidneys and liver, formation of necrotic areas in the lungs, and irritation of the digestive tract. Not surprisingly, this plant is considered an 'increaser' in grazed meadows.
On Jun 2, 2002, talinum from Kearney, NE (Zone 5a) wrote:
The best growth occurs in full sun and moist soil. Dry conditions accelerate powdery mildew. Most cultivars need to be staked. It should be cut back one-half to two-thirds after blooming. Divide the root clump every 3 years. It can be pinched in May to June to keep it smaller.
On Aug 8, 2001, killerdaisy from Dallas, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:
Best with lots of moisture, but can tolerate some drought. Divide every year in spring. May be troubled by rust or leaf spots.
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
, Washington D.c., Los Angeles, California Indian Harbour Beach, Florida Lula, Georgia Naperville, Illinois Indianapolis, Indiana Oak Park, Indiana Derby, Kansas Lansing, Kansas Barbourville, Kentucky Cornville, Maine Glenarden, Maryland Spencer, Massachusetts Macomb, Michigan Golden Valley, Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota St Paul, Minnesota Frenchtown, New Jersey Hamilton, New Jersey Cayuga Heights, New York Glouster, Ohio Pickerington, Ohio Florence, Oregon Rockcreek, Oregon Allentown, Pennsylvania Lawnton, Pennsylvania Lincoln University, Pennsylvania Provo, Utah Olympia, Washington