Spacing: 36-48 in. (90-120 cm) 4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)
Hardiness: USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 °C (-30 °F) USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F) USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F) USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F) USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F) USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F) USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F) USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F)
Sun Exposure: Full Sun Sun to Partial Shade
Bloom Color: White/Near White
Bloom Time: Mid Spring
Other details: This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds Flowers are fragrant Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Soil pH requirements: 6.6 to 7.5 (neutral) 7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
Patent Information: Non-patented
Propagation Methods: From woody stem cuttings From semi-hardwood cuttings From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse From seed; stratify if sowing indoors By grafting By air layering
Seed Collecting: Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored
On Apr 28, 2013, plant_it from Valparaiso, IN wrote:
Spring flowers and attractive fall color and fruit give this shrub good ornamental value for the shrub border. Also effective grouped or massed in native plant gardens, open woodland or naturalized areas where its colonial growth habit need not be restricted. Ability to withstand wet conditions makes it suitable for growing along ponds, streams or water gardens.
Plant in full sun to part shade. Best fruit production in full sun. Gets 3 to 6 feet high with a spread of 3 to 6 feet.
Blooms in May with showy white flowers. Showy, edible berries that attract birds. Deer and rabbits don't like it much. Tolerant of wide range of soils, including both dry and boggy. Low maintenance. Will naturalize - spreads by root suckers to form colonies.
On Apr 5, 2010, akilgore42 from Spokane, WA wrote:
This plant is very lovely due to it's elegant, upright growth habit. It is growing in a narrow space between my house and driveway as a foundation plant. It sends up new shoots and branches every spring, but is not invasive and is easily contained through simple pruning. It has pretty green leaves throughout the spring and summer, striking red foliage in fall, and the dark purple/black berries are beautiful throughout the winter. The berries are edible and supposedly have more antioxidants than a blueberry, though the variety I am growing do not have any flavor at all. However, I found they can be crushed and cooked with sugar to make a very lovely, dark purple dessert topping. Some European varieties have been bred for flavor and culinary use.
Multiple references, including USDA and taxonomic references, indicate that Aronia melanocarpa is NOT drought tolerant. In my experience, it is adapated to lower rainfall areas (we get roughly 27 inches/year mostly in summer) and does well in the landscape. It obviously can take some moisture stress without loss of fruit or leaves.