Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: African Violet
Saintpaulia ionantha

Family: Gesneriaceae (ges-ner-ee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Saintpaulia (saint-PAWL-ee-a) (Info)
Species: ionantha (eye-oh-NAN-tha) (Info)

» View all varieties of African Violets

2 vendors have this plant for sale.

24 members have or want this plant for trade.

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Bloom Color:

Flower Characteristics:

Leaf Shape/Type:

Leaf Texture:

Leaf Color:
Red Back (or red reverse)

Other details:
This plant is suitable for growing indoors
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Suitable for growing in containers

Patent Information:

May be propagated by seed
May be propagated by cuttings (leaf, sucker, or bloom stalk)

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

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7 positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive mogu On Feb 10, 2015, mogu from Brimfield, MA wrote:

beautifull :D

Neutral foxhead128 On Aug 20, 2013, foxhead128 from New York, NY wrote:

From my experience, at least, it's hard to keep an African Violet looking good. I bought mine a few months ago, and its outer leaves have become progressively paler and yellower over time. I'm not entirely sure what I'm doing wrong. Other than that, it seems to be doing okay, I guess.

Positive lori_k On Jun 21, 2013, lori_k from Tulare, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

I started with three African Violets a couple years ago (don't know the varieties), now, after dividing some and starting some from leaf cuttings, they are taking over my house! My violets do very well and bloom throughout the year with continual feeding with VF-11 liquid plant food. That's all I do is feed and water them and give them good light and they bloom nicely.

Positive armenia On May 11, 2010, armenia from LA, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

A great plant that can bloom year round indoors. If you can just get the amount of water right (not too much, not too little) it will live for years.

Positive riddler On Apr 9, 2009, riddler from Saint Petersburg, FL wrote:

My neighbor divided her African Violet last year and gave half to me. During the first year, the plant bloomed occasionally but only a few flowers at a time. Now the plant is suddenly blooming profusely and looking very happy, as you can see in the photo. I think it's because I recently moved it to a spot where it gets the perfect amount of sunlight (in an east-facing window) and also because I've been trying hard not to give it too much attention. I water it from the bottom only when the soil is very dry or when the leaves start looking a little droopy. The flowers are so beautiful. I love to take cuttings and put them in bud vases.

Positive moma4faith On May 31, 2008, moma4faith from Huntsville, AL wrote:

This has been such an easy and rewarding plant to grow. Very easy to propagate and I have started several plants from my original plant to give as gifts. Can be started in water, or by clipping a stem, wetting it and adding a little root compound, and potting. Pretty soon, baby leaves start to appear. I always water from the bottom and keep my leaves dry. For new plants, I mound the dirt in the middle of the pot to plant the first stem and water around it to get the plant started.

Positive meg_e On Feb 8, 2008, meg_e from Dallas, TX wrote:

I personally like the white and pink flowers best because they look glittery if you look at the up close. The leaves are wonderful to feel but hate to be watered so water the saucer and let the roots soak it up.

Plant is also easy to propegate. Simley take off one of the leaves at the base and place it in a little water. Be sure only the stem of the leaf is in the water, not the broad part. It will soon enough sprout roots followed by baby leaves surrounding the roots. Once this happens its time to pot your new baby! The african violet mix they sell at home depot is good for potting. Bury the roots and leave the leaves out. Once the plant grows big enough you can clip of the mama leaf and re-clone it if you wish!

Happy planting!

Positive Snowrose On Aug 22, 2007, Snowrose from Frederick, MD (Zone 6b) wrote:

Saintpaulia ionantha is a natural species Saintpaulia. Seed sown from this species will produce true as this is not a hybrid.

The official description from the African Violet Society database is as follows:

"S. ionantha (S 5) 1893 (H. Wendland) Single blue-violet, 4-5 per peduncle, very floriferous. Dark green, pointed, heart-shaped, tends to spoon, thick, quilted, glossy, slightly serrated, long red-brown petiole/red back. Large. Saintpaulia species"

Neutral tiredwabbit On Aug 8, 2001, tiredwabbit from Point Pleasant Beach, NJ (Zone 7a) wrote:

Loves Humidity. Don't get the leaves wet, then put them back into the sun, you will burn them. The burn mark will almost look as if a part of the plant has melted.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Huntsville, Alabama
Jones, Alabama
Lanett, Alabama
Scottsboro, Alabama
Phoenix, Arizona
Anaheim, California
Brea, California
Capistrano Beach, California
Fallbrook, California
Monrovia, California
Morgan Hill, California
Oak View, California
Ontario, California
Temecula, California
Bartow, Florida
Gainesville, Florida
Jacksonville, Florida
Keystone Heights, Florida
Lakeland, Florida
Saint Petersburg, Florida
Vero Beach, Florida
Winter Garden, Florida
Athens, Georgia
West Des Moines, Iowa
Gonzales, Louisiana
Youngsville, Louisiana
Alden, New York
Deposit, New York
Newburgh, New York
Columbus, Ohio
Roff, Oklahoma
Simpsonville, South Carolina
Wolsey, South Dakota
Arlington, Texas
Dallas, Texas
Plano, Texas
Roanoke, Texas
Taft, Texas

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