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PlantFiles: Apple
Malus x domestica 'Cortland'

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Malus (MAY-lus) (Info)
Species: x domestica (doh-MESS-tik-a) (Info)
Cultivar: Cortland

» View all varieties of Apples

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

2 members have or want this plant for trade.

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Bloom Time:
Early season flowering

Unknown - Tell us

Rootstock Vigor:
Unknown - Tell us

Bearing Habit:
Unknown - Tell us

Disease Resistance:
Unknown - Tell us

Fruit Usage:
Unknown - Tell us

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Flowers are fragrant
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By grafting

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to view:

By Big_Red
Thumbnail #1 of Malus x domestica by Big_Red

By DrDoolotz
Thumbnail #2 of Malus x domestica by DrDoolotz

By DrDoolotz
Thumbnail #3 of Malus x domestica by DrDoolotz


1 positive
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral Sheilanagigue On May 10, 2013, Sheilanagigue from Putney, VT wrote:

Last fall I moved to a home in southern VT that has a nice little orchard. The previous owner gave me a map of the varieties of fruit. One tree, a Mac/ Cortland mix, looks like it didn't survive the winter. I wonder why and if this variety is susceptible to disease. If I find out more, I'll add another post.

Neutral smiln32 On Dec 11, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Definately a good cooking apple. Flesh is white. Good all-around apple. Great for cider, too.

If this tree is thinned at fruit-set, the tree will produce well yearly.

Positive Big_Red On Nov 27, 2004, Big_Red from Bethelridge, KY (Zone 6a) wrote:

Cortland is a cross of Ben Davis and McIntosh which originated at the New York State Agricultural Experimental Station in 1898. A medium-sized apple with smooth yellowish skin mostly covered with dark red and crimson. The fine-grained tender white flesh is very juicy and does not brown rapidly after exposure to air. A reliable and highly productive tree which comes into bearing early. Ripens late September to early October.

A great pie apple.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Athol, Idaho
Traverse City, Michigan
Salisbury, New Hampshire
Putney, Vermont

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