Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Apple
Malus x domestica 'Liberty'

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Malus (MAY-lus) (Info)
Species: x domestica (doh-MESS-tik-a) (Info)
Cultivar: Liberty
Hybridized by New York State Agricultural Experiment Station; Year of Registration or Introduction: 1978

» View all varieties of Apples

One vendor has this plant for sale.

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Bloom Time:
Early season flowering


Rootstock Vigor:
Unknown - Tell us

Bearing Habit:
Unknown - Tell us

Disease Resistance:
Resistant to Apple Scab
Resistant to Apple Powdery Mildew
Resistant to Cedar-Apple Rust
Resistant to Fireblight

Fruit Usage:

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Flowers are fragrant
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By grafting

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By Big_Red
Thumbnail #1 of Malus x domestica by Big_Red

By Big_Red
Thumbnail #2 of Malus x domestica by Big_Red

By Floridian
Thumbnail #3 of Malus x domestica by Floridian


1 positive
3 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral coriaceous On Jan 9, 2015, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

'Liberty' remains the most disease-resistant of apples, and the most widely recommended for low-pesticide use in th home/garden/landscape. Resistant to scab, mildew, rust, and fireblight.

It is self-fruitful, but will be more productive with another compatible cultivar nearby for cross-pollination. It is diploid, not triploid.

From Cornell:
Mid-season, somewhat striped, dark red apple maturing with Empire. Trees are consistently productive (equal to Empire) with good winter hardiness. Flesh is yellowish, moderately acid, juicy, crisp, aromatic and fine textured. Flavor and quality are excellent when picked at the right time, but harvest window is narrow. Requires multiple pickings for best quality. Fruit soften rapidly, develop off- flavors, and drop if left too long on tree. After hot growing seasons, fruit are very acid at the optimum harvest date but eating quality improves after several weeks of storage. Requires aggressive thinning to maintain adequate fruit size. Loses quality after several months in regular cold storage, but keeps longer if picked pre-climacteric and held in low-oxygen cold storage. Recommended scab-resistant cultivar for McIntosh growing regions for both homeowner and commercial production. Recommended for hard cider and juice.

Positive KJMattson On Oct 13, 2012, KJMattson from Lebanon, OR wrote:

We have 7 different kinds of apple trees. The banana apple has always been our favorite to eat right off the tree in the fall. But the Liberty has taken first place this year! It is wonderfully crisp, sweet & juicy.

Neutral smiln32 On Jan 25, 2005, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

This cultivar bears fruit heavily every year and benefits from having fruits thinned for better fruit size and flavor. Self-fruitful. Disease resistant, too.

Neutral Big_Red On Dec 13, 2004, Big_Red from Bethelridge, KY (Zone 6a) wrote:

"Described as the most trouble-free of all apples, Liberty is the result of years of work by fruit breeders to develop an apple that would free growers from the endless rounds of repetitive spraying. Liberty has lived up to expectations. A cross of Macoun and an experimental apple variety, it is a deep red apple with great eating and baking qualities. The fruit is medium to large with rich yellow skin overlaid with dark red stripes and splashes. The pale yellow flesh is crisp, tender, juicy, and quite flavorful. Ripens in October and improves in flavor over a couple of months of storage."


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Lebanon, Oregon

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