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PlantFiles: Fraser Fir, Southern Balsam Fir, Southern Fir
Abies fraseri

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Abies (A-bees) (Info)
Species: fraseri (FRAY-zer-ee) (Info)

Synonym:Pinus fraseri

4 vendors have this plant for sale.


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)
over 40 ft. (12 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors
By grafting

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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By Rickwebb
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By Rickwebb
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1 positive
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Rickwebb On Dec 21, 2013, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

A very handsome conifer when it is growing in its native Appalachian range and at Christmas tree farms, and it is a very popular Christmas tree. The few I saw around in landscapes in the Chicago area either did adequately or grew very poorly, depending. I found two good landscape specimens in a landscape in a sheltered area in Rehoboth Beach, Delaware. It differs from the very similar Balsam Fir by not having the excellent aromatic scent and by having little stipules on the cones.

Neutral smiln32 On Nov 9, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Evergreen tree which can reach 40'. Shape is like a pyramid. It is a slow grower.

Bark is smooth and dark green when young. This tree prefers moist, well-drained loamy soil. Prefers cooler climates, too. As with many other fir trees, the deer love this one, too.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Rehoboth Beach, Delaware
Aurora, Illinois

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