Chokecherry
Prunus virginiana 'Canada Red'

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Prunus (PROO-nus) (Info)
Species: virginiana (vir-jin-ee-AN-uh) (Info)
Cultivar: Canada Red
Additional cultivar information:(aka Schubert, Shubert)

Category:

Trees

Height:

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

Spacing:

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 2a: to -45.5 C (-50 F)

USDA Zone 2b: to -42.7 C (-45 F)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Danger:

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Foliage:

Grown for foliage

Deciduous

Burgundy

Other details:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

By grafting

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anchorage, Alaska

Flagstaff, Arizona

Aurora, Colorado

Crawford, Colorado

Denver, Colorado

Fort Collins, Colorado

Dodge City, Kansas

Shawnee Mission, Kansas

Hibbing, Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Independence, Missouri

Lincoln, Nebraska

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Belfield, North Dakota

Medora, North Dakota

Dammeron Valley, Utah

Ogden, Utah

Grand Mound, Washington

Stanwood, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

3
positives
2
neutrals
0
negatives
RatingContent
Positive

On Jan 7, 2012, marktrot1 from Flagstaff, AZ wrote:

This plant has seemed tough-as-nails in our dry windy climate. It survived years of no watering when we bought the house. With a little added irrigation it has grown like crazy. Unfortunately it does sucker fairly aggressively. But it sure is nice to have a tough plant.

One interesting thing to note: It tends to leaf out fairly early here compared with the native plants, so it is sculpted by our high spring winds here in Flagstaff, AZ. Gives it a unique character for sure. I highly recommend a good mulch around the plant to conserve moisture

Neutral

On Apr 26, 2011, Erutuon from Minneapolis, MN wrote:

My neighbors on both sides have purple-leaved chokecherries, though one of them cut it down and is trying to replace it with a sour cherry, somewhat unsuccessfully, since suckers keep coming up. It has beautiful white flowers every early May, with a sickly sweet scent (though not completely unpleasant). Then there are fruits, which the birds eat and then strew the seeds all around, so that there are little cherry trees in areas that aren't too dried out by the sun. As long as I don't let them get too large to pull up, they're fine. So, the plant is positive for flowers and fruit, negative for suckering and self-seeding.

Neutral

On Aug 19, 2009, altagardener from Calgary, AB (Zone 3b) wrote:

It should be mentioned that it has a very strong suckering habit. The natural tendency of chokecherry is to be a bush-form thicket, not a single-stem tree. They are very commonly grown here.

Positive

On Aug 13, 2009, plutodrive from Denver, CO (Zone 5b) wrote:

This is a drought tolerant tree which is also fast growing. It has green foliage which turns dark purple in summer and creates quite a bit of shade. The late spring/early summer blooms are very fragrant with a scent that can rival with the lilacs.

Positive

On Sep 15, 2004, Todd_Boland from St. John's, NL (Zone 5b) wrote:

This small tree is a great contrast plant for the landscape. It is especially useful for those who live in very cold areas, where the choice in a purple-leaved tree is limited. Foliage emerges green, but as summer progresses, starts to turn purple from the bottom, up. It is mid to late summer before the entire tree becomes purple. In fall, the leaves turn more reddish-purple. Fruit are attractive to birds.