Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Serbian Spruce
Picea omorika

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Picea (PY-see-uh) (Info)
Species: omorika (oh-more-EE-kuh) (Info)

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

2 members have or want this plant for trade.


over 40 ft. (12 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun


Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Provides winter interest

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Click thumbnail
to view:

By Todd_Boland
Thumbnail #1 of Picea omorika by Todd_Boland

By Todd_Boland
Thumbnail #2 of Picea omorika by Todd_Boland

By Todd_Boland
Thumbnail #3 of Picea omorika by Todd_Boland

By growin
Thumbnail #4 of Picea omorika by growin

By ViburnumValley
Thumbnail #5 of Picea omorika by ViburnumValley

By ViburnumValley
Thumbnail #6 of Picea omorika by ViburnumValley

By growin
Thumbnail #7 of Picea omorika by growin

There are a total of 12 photos.
Click here to view them all!


4 positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive coriaceous On Mar 21, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

It's all been said below: this is one of the best conifer trees for eastern and midwestern North America. It's more adaptable than most spruces, and tolerates city conditions. It's elegant, and it takes up less ground area than other tall-growing conifers. Its slim profile and relatively slow growth are advantages where space is limited.

The Royal Horticultural Society has granted this species its prestigious Award of Garden Merit.

Neutral Rickwebb On Jan 31, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

A handsome conifer tree from southeast Europe that is sold by some larger nurseries in the Midwest and East and found occasionally planted here and there by landscape designers and well-to do homeowners. It grows about 1 foot/year and is expensive to buy. It is more graceful than the bigger and much faster growing Norway Spruce that is so commonly planted. Its needles are flat, unlike most spruces, and are shiny dark green above and bluish below.

Positive growin On Feb 14, 2008, growin from Vancouver, BC (Zone 8b) wrote:

Commonly planted conifer where space is an issue. They tend to stay under 10' width and I've seen them planted a few feet from buildings. Planted extensively along our raised rapid transit lines for fastigiated growth, low maintenance and evergreen foliage. One of the few conifers used in downtown highrise office tower plantings.

Positive ViburnumValley On Feb 2, 2008, ViburnumValley from Scott County, KY (Zone 5b) wrote:

Serbian spruce is an exceptional conifer worthy of use anywhere it is hardy, and especially in the midwest where limestone-based soils are abundant. This tree is certainly a welcome choice where space is limited, since it takes up only a small footprint at ground level while stretching its trunk skyward.

The upswept branch habit at the tips allows the silvery white undersides of the needles to be seen, creating a two-toned color effect in the landscape. Serbian spruce is often used on the European continent as a border screening plant, where it can even take a certain amount of shearing to make it even narrower.

I have grown this plant for over twenty years, and there are fine specimen plants around central KY and the Ohio River valley region many decades older than that. I would encourage those that are looking for a tall conifer to "branch" out beyond the overused white pines and Norway spruces, and try some of the narrower firs and spruces like Serbian spruce.

Neutral smiln32 On May 25, 2005, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Considered one of the best pruces for ornamental use - especially in the eastern part of the U.S.

Narrow growth habit. May reach up to 90' tall. Cones are a purple-ish color.

Positive macluraspine On Apr 29, 2005, macluraspine from Marlinton, WV wrote:

best ornamental spruce for zones 4-7. will burn in winter if exposed to exessive winds, as on ridges and north slopes in wva, but recovers completely. likes moisture but handles dry weather very well. loves limestone soils and rich soil - native to limestone mountains in balkans. steel blue color and pendulous form. grows as fast as blue spruce and far less suseptable to defoliation form ephyxius (sp?). very pollution tollerant for a spruce. reproduces more than norway but less than pines and hemlocks. better for full sun and southern slopes than norway, but not as drought tolerant as blue or balck hills spruce.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Chicago, Illinois
Lisle, Illinois
Poplar Grove, Illinois
West Lafayette, Indiana
Clermont, Kentucky
Georgetown, Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky
Louisville, Kentucky
Nicholasville, Kentucky
Paris, Kentucky
Taylorsville, Kentucky
Versailles, Kentucky
Roslindale, Massachusetts
Great Falls, Montana
Ithaca, New York (2 reports)
Richfield, Ohio
Portland, Oregon
Lewisburg, Pennsylvania
West Chester, Pennsylvania
Suffolk, Virginia
Langley, Washington
West Richland, Washington
Marlinton, West Virginia

We recommend Firefox
Overwhelmed? There's a lot to see here. Try starting at our homepage.

[ Home | About | Advertise | Media Kit | Mission | Featured Companies | Submit an Article | Terms of Use | Tour | Rules | Privacy Policy | Contact Us ]

Back to the top

Copyright © 2000-2015 Dave's Garden, an Internet Brands company. All Rights Reserved.

Hope for America